Their referential charge can be anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric
. In other words, their propositional referent (inferable or overt) could be an antecedent, an element of the discourse context, or a foreshadowed event or piece of information (1).
Noth, en Semiotic Foundations of Iconicity in Language and Literature, revisa las distinciones de iconicidad propuestas por Peirce, que constituyen ejemplos de lo que el autor denomina "exophoric
In (2d), the key factor in the exophoric
use of the pronoun is the copresence of the referent in the situational context, and the fact that the discourse partners are focusing on this unexpected event, which is immediately attracting their attention.
While young myopic contact lens wearers must increase accommodation demand, they will show an exophoric
shift in contact lenses as they lose the base-in spectacle correction.
Part two, "Morpho-Syntax of Lesser-Known Iranian Languages," includes four chapters, beginning with the contribution by Daniel Paul, who investigates the demonstrative systems of Talysh varieties of Asalem and Masal, both employing a variety of endophoric and exophoric
in both proximate and distal senses.
Halliday and Hasan (1976) use the term 'exophoric
' reference to describe words that refer to items outside the text, e.g.
In this wise, the actual responsibility have exophoric
reference that cannot be pinned down even though the reality that stares the Niger-Delta dwellers in the face is that their fishermen toil for nothing while the political oligarchy consistently smiles to the bank as the oil politics enriches the coffers of the nation and, consequently, those that have access to it.
Diessel (2003) highlighted the functions of demonstratives: exophoric
, anaphoric, discourse deictic and recognitional.
Perhaps the most striking outcome was the moderate near exophoric
shift with the higher addition lens, a finding likely to benefit myopes with near esophorias but cause caution amongst practitioners when fitting near exophores with this modality.
And finally, the sobering truth is that ellipsis does not so much anchor in anaphora as is tugged between anaphora (endophoric reference) and deixis (exophoric
A recent report highlighted the likelihood of inducing an exophoric
shift with bifocals in myopic children and, therefore, compared the effects of prismatic bifocal lenses with single vision and bifocal lenses.
deviations, the positive relative convergence is exercised and increased.