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n. exoftalmia, protrusión anormal del globo del ojo.
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Diseased fish showed signs of lethargy, melanosis, and exophthalmia. We sampled 71 diseased fish and transported them on ice to the laboratory (Table), where we immediately performed bacteriologic analyses.
Holoprosencephaly, encephalocele, myelomeningocele, dysplastic calvaria, agenesis of the corpus callosum, ventriculomegaly, Arnold-Chiari malformation, omphalocele, gastroschisis, low nasal bridge, exophthalmia, heart defects, and renal agenesis are the other described associated abnormalities (7,11).
Increase of this diverticulum in cases of sinusitis or other diseases of the upper respiratory tract can lead to a series of ophthalmic conditions due to their proximity to the orbit, such as periorbital swelling, orbital compression, conjunctivitis, exophthalmia or intraocular inflammation (WILLIS & WILKIE, 1999; KERN & COLITZ, 2013; WILLIAMS, 2012).
niloticus in IP and IM injected fish showed signs of septicemia as congested gills, exophthalmia, ocular hemorrhage, disintegration of tail fin (Figure 2 a, b) and skin and fin hemorrhages (Figure 2 c, d).
Patients presenting to the ED with ages 16 years and above and having moderate to severe TBI were included.We excluded patients having facial trauma affecting the eye balls, pre-existing orbital disease affecting the orbital nerve, exophthalmia, hyperthyroidism, incomplete medical records, unavailable CT brain scans or absent millimetre-scale sequences.
During that period, moderate weight loss was noted (465 g), and the degree of exophthalmia and buphthalmia of the left globe continued to increase.
Ocular changes such as exophthalmia, eyelid retraction, conjunctival oedema, ocular irritation, abnormal ocular motility, diplopia, and sometimes visual abnormalities and loss, occur in a large number of patients.
Abnormalities found exclusive to experimental groups are as follows: Craniostenosis, short snout, anophthalmia, microphthalmia, exophthalmia, palpabral coloboma, kyphosis, lordosis, spina bifida, prognathia, scoliosis, limb malrotation and deformation, clinodactyly, ectrodactyly, apodia, ankylodactyly, fused digits, flexed paw and hooked tail, at 44g/g B.W.
Clinical findings such as exophthalmia, visual impairment, and diplopia occur due to pressure of the fronto-ethmoidal mucocele on the orbita.
[17,26,27], who observed signs such as skin alterations, anorexia, exophthalmia, corneal opacity, extension of the visceral cavity, bleeding and abdominal inflammation, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly.
This bacterium contributes to internal infectious conditions like dermal ulceration, rotting of tails, inflammation, exophthalmia, scale protrusion, and others in fish species [1] especially Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus.
The parameters, death, convulsions, sedation, excitation, jumping, abnormal gait (rolling, tiptoe), motor incoordination, loss of grasping, akinesia, catalepsy, loss of traction, loss of balance, forepaw treading, writhing, piloerection, stereotypies (sniffing, chewing, and head movements), head-twitches, scratching, altered respiration, aggression, altered fear, altered reactivity to touch, ptosis, exophthalmia, loss of righting reflex, loss of corneal reflex, analgesia, defecation/diarrhoea, salivation, lacrimation, and pupil diameter (myosis/mydriasis), were recorded when exhibited.