exotoxin


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ex·o·tox·in

 (ĕk′sō-tŏk′sĭn)
n.
A poisonous substance secreted by a microorganism and released into the medium in which it grows.

exotoxin

(ˌɛksəʊˈtɒksɪn)
n
(Microbiology) a toxin produced by a microorganism and secreted into the surrounding medium
ˌexoˈtoxic adj

ex•o•tox•in

(ˌɛk soʊˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
a soluble toxin excreted by a microorganism.
[1915–20]
ex`o•tox′ic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
Translations

ex·o·tox·in

n. exotoxina, veneno excretado por una bacteria, organismo vivo, contraria a la endotoxina, no liberada hasta que el organismo bacteria muere.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vicinium is comprised of a recombinant fusion protein that targets epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) antigens on the surface of tumor cells to deliver a potent protein payload, Pseudomonas Exotoxin A.
Pseudomonas secretes enzymes such as elastase, exotoxin A, and protease, which lead to the development of necrotizing vasculitis, hemorrhage, and ulceration [1, 5].
aureus strongly depends on the virulence factors such as production of exotoxin, enzymes and cell wall associated proteins, which are reported to be regulated by the accessory gene regulator (agr) of regulatory locus (13), and that its expression is reported to contribute to pathogenesis of biofilm associated infections in several models like murine subcutaneous abscesses, arthritis and rabbit endocarditis including invasion and apoptosis of epithelial cells (14), agr protein was identified as the target in the present study.
Factors contributing towards acute infection include exoenzyme S, exotoxin A, phospholipase C and pilli.
(7) Glycophorins serve as receptors for viruses such as influenzas A and B, and Sendai virus, as well as for Plasmodium falciparum and an exotoxin produced by Escherichia coli.
Though air way obstruction is a risk of respiratory failure in pharyngeal diphtheria, it is the exotoxin related complications which are more serious and fatal especially cardiac involvement1,6.
Primers for exotoxin S, exotoxin Y, pyocyanin, alkaline protease, elastase B and pyoverdine were as previously described (5).
Staphylococcal enterotoxin is an exotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus.
aeruginosa that are important in its pathogenicity include exotoxin A (toxA), which is the most toxic virulence factor detected in this organism.
concisus produce exotoxin 9 and/or zonula occludens toxin (ZOT) [11].
PE38, a truncated version of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE), is one of the most widely applied toxins for the development of immunotoxins [9, 10].
(15) In that bird, because bacteria were not found outside the intestines, exotoxin involvement was presumed likely.