experiment

(redirected from experiments)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

ex·per·i·ment

 (ĭk-spĕr′ə-mənt)
n.
1.
a. A test under controlled conditions that is made to demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried.
b. The process of conducting such a test; experimentation.
2. An innovative act or procedure: "Democracy is only an experiment in government" (William Ralph Inge).
3. The result of experimentation: "We are not [nature's] only experiment" (R. Buckminster Fuller).
intr.v. (-mĕnt′) ex·per·i·ment·ed, ex·per·i·ment·ing, ex·per·i·ments
1. To conduct an experiment.
2. To try something new, especially in order to gain experience: experiment with new methods of teaching.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin experīmentum, from experīrī, to try; see per- in Indo-European roots.]

ex·per′i·ment′er n.

experiment

n
1. a test or investigation, esp one planned to provide evidence for or against a hypothesis: a scientific experiment
2. the act of conducting such an investigation or test; experimentation; research
3. an attempt at something new or different; an effort to be original: a poetic experiment.
4. an obsolete word for experience
vb
(intr) to make an experiment or experiments
[C14: from Latin experīmentum proof, trial, from experīrī to test; see experience]
exˈperiˌmenter n

ex•per•i•ment

(n. ɪkˈspɛr ə mənt; v. -ˌmɛnt)

n.
1. a test, trial, or tentative procedure, esp. one for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition, etc.
2. the conducting of such operations.
v.i.
3. to test esp. in order to discover or prove something: to experiment with a new procedure.
[1325–75; Middle English: proof < Latin experīmentum means of testing, experiment]
ex•per′i•ment`er, n.
ex•per`i•men•ta′tion, n.

ex·per·i·ment

(ĭk-spĕr′ə-mənt)
A test or procedure carried out under controlled conditions to determine the validity of a hypothesis or make a discovery. See Note at hypothesis.
experience, experiment, expert - Experience, experiment and expert derive from Latin experiri, "try."
See also related terms for try.

experience

experiment
1. 'experience'

If you have experience of something, you have seen it, done it, or felt it.

Do you have any teaching experience?
I've had no experience of running a business.

An experience is something that happens to you or something that you do.

Moving house can be a stressful experience.

You say that someone has an experience.

I had a strange experience last night.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone 'makes an experience'.

2. 'experiment'

Don't use 'experience' to refer to a scientific test that is carried out in order to discover or prove something. Use experiment.

Laboratory experiments show that Vitamin D may slow cancer growth.
Try it out in an experiment.

You usually say that someone does, conducts, or carries out an experiment.

We decided to do an experiment.
Several experiments were conducted at the University of Zurich.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone 'makes an experiment'.

experiment


Past participle: experimented
Gerund: experimenting

Imperative
experiment
experiment
Present
I experiment
you experiment
he/she/it experiments
we experiment
you experiment
they experiment
Preterite
I experimented
you experimented
he/she/it experimented
we experimented
you experimented
they experimented
Present Continuous
I am experimenting
you are experimenting
he/she/it is experimenting
we are experimenting
you are experimenting
they are experimenting
Present Perfect
I have experimented
you have experimented
he/she/it has experimented
we have experimented
you have experimented
they have experimented
Past Continuous
I was experimenting
you were experimenting
he/she/it was experimenting
we were experimenting
you were experimenting
they were experimenting
Past Perfect
I had experimented
you had experimented
he/she/it had experimented
we had experimented
you had experimented
they had experimented
Future
I will experiment
you will experiment
he/she/it will experiment
we will experiment
you will experiment
they will experiment
Future Perfect
I will have experimented
you will have experimented
he/she/it will have experimented
we will have experimented
you will have experimented
they will have experimented
Future Continuous
I will be experimenting
you will be experimenting
he/she/it will be experimenting
we will be experimenting
you will be experimenting
they will be experimenting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been experimenting
you have been experimenting
he/she/it has been experimenting
we have been experimenting
you have been experimenting
they have been experimenting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been experimenting
you will have been experimenting
he/she/it will have been experimenting
we will have been experimenting
you will have been experimenting
they will have been experimenting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been experimenting
you had been experimenting
he/she/it had been experimenting
we had been experimenting
you had been experimenting
they had been experimenting
Conditional
I would experiment
you would experiment
he/she/it would experiment
we would experiment
you would experiment
they would experiment
Past Conditional
I would have experimented
you would have experimented
he/she/it would have experimented
we would have experimented
you would have experimented
they would have experimented
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.experiment - the act of conducting a controlled test or investigationexperiment - the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
testing - the act of subjecting to experimental test in order to determine how well something works; "they agreed to end the testing of atomic weapons"
trial and error - experimenting until a solution is found
research project, scientific research - research into questions posed by scientific theories and hypotheses
Michelson-Morley experiment - a celebrated experiment conducted by Albert Michelson and Edward Morley; their failure to detect any influence of the earth's motion on the velocity of light was the starting point for Einstein's theory of relativity
control experiment - an experiment designed to control for variables affecting the results of another experiment
control condition, control - a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; "the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw"
experimental condition, condition - the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
2.experiment - the testing of an idea; "it was an experiment in living"; "not all experimentation is done in laboratories"
inquiry, research, enquiry - a search for knowledge; "their pottery deserves more research than it has received"
pilot experiment - a preliminary experiment whose outcome can lead to a more extensive experiment
test, trial run, tryout, trial - trying something to find out about it; "a sample for ten days free trial"; "a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"
3.experiment - a venture at something new or different; "as an experiment he decided to grow a beard"
venture - any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome
Verb1.experiment - to conduct a test or investigation; "We are experimenting with the new drug in order to fight this disease"
investigate, look into - investigate scientifically; "Let's investigate the syntax of Chinese"
experiment, try out - try something new, as in order to gain experience; "Students experiment sexually"; "The composer experimented with a new style"
2.experiment - try something new, as in order to gain experienceexperiment - try something new, as in order to gain experience; "Students experiment sexually"; "The composer experimented with a new style"
experiment - to conduct a test or investigation; "We are experimenting with the new drug in order to fight this disease"

experiment

noun
1. test, trial, investigation, examination, venture, procedure, demonstration, observation, try-out, assay, trial run, scientific test, dummy run a proposed new law banning animal experiments
verb
1. test, investigate, trial, research, try, examine, pilot, sample, verify, put to the test, assay Scientists have been experimenting with a new drug.

experiment

noun
An operation employed to resolve an uncertainty:
verb
To engage in experiments:
Translations
تـَجْرِبَةتَجْرِبَهيقوم بِتَجْرِبَه
pokusexperimentexperimentovat
eksperimenteksperimentereforsøglave forsøg med
koe
eksperiment
kísérletezik
gera tilrauntilraun
実験
실험
bandomasisdaryti bandymuseksperimentaseksperimentavimaseksperimentinis
eksperimentēteksperiments
experimentovať
delati poskuseposkus
experiment
การทดลอง
deneydeney yapmak
thí nghiệm

experiment

[ɪksˈperɪmənt]
A. N (gen) → experimento m
to perform or carry out an experimentrealizar un experimento
as an experiment; by way of experimentcomo experimento
B. VI (gen) → experimentar; (scientifically) → experimentar, hacer experimentos
he experimented on fellow studentsexperimentó or hizo experimentos con sus compañeros
youngsters who experiment with drugsjóvenes mpl que experimentan con drogas
experiment with different methods to find the best one for youexperimenta or prueba con distintos métodos para encontrar el que te va mejor

experiment

[ɪkˈspɛrɪmənt]
n
(scientific)expérience f
to perform an experiment, to conduct an experiment, to carry out an experiment → faire une expérience
(= trial) → expérience f
her first experiment with drugs → sa première expérience avec la drogue
as an experiment → à titre d'expérience
to do sth as an experiment → faire qch à titre d'expérience
an experiment in sth → une expérience dans qch
[ɪkˈspɛrɪmɛnt] vi
[scientist] (SCIENCE)faire une expérience
to experiment with sth → faire une expérience sur qch
to experiment on sth (= do several experiments) → faire des expériences sur qch
(= try new things) → expérimenter
to experiment with drugs (= try out) → essayer des drogues

experiment

n (Chem, Phys, fig) → Versuch m, → Experiment nt; to do an experimenteinen Versuch or ein Experiment machen; as an experimentversuchsweise, als Versuch
vi (Chem, Phys, fig) → experimentieren (on, with mit)

experiment

[n ɪksˈpɛrɪˌmənt; vb ɪksˈpɛrɪmɛnt]
1. nesperimento
to perform or carry out an experiment → fare un esperimento
as an experiment → a titolo di esperimento
2. vifare un esperimento, sperimentare
to experiment with a new vaccine → sperimentare un nuovo vaccino

experiment

(ikˈsperimənt) noun
a test done in order to find out something, eg if an idea is correct. He performs chemical experiments; experiments in traffic control; We shall find out by experiment.
verb
(with on or with) to try to find out something by making tests. He experimented with various medicines to find the safest cure; The doctor experiments on animals.
exˌperiˈmental (-ˈmentl) adjective
of, or used for an experiment. experimental teaching methods.
exˌperiˈmentally adverb
exˌperimenˈtation noun
the practice of making experiments.

experiment

تـَجْرِبَة pokus eksperiment Experiment πείραμα experimento koe expérience eksperiment esperimento 実験 실험 experiment eksperiment eksperyment experiência эксперимент experiment การทดลอง deney thí nghiệm 实验

ex·per·i·ment

n. experimento;
v. experimentar.

experiment

n experimento; vi experimentar
References in classic literature ?
A series of experiments and arguments proves to every man that he, as an object of observation, is subject to certain laws, and man submits to them and never resists the laws of gravity or impermeability once he has become acquainted with them.
I remarked, moreover, with respect to experiments, that they become always more necessary the more one is advanced in knowledge; for, at the commencement, it is better to make use only of what is spontaneously presented to our senses, and of which we cannot remain ignorant, provided we bestow on it any reflection, however slight, than to concern ourselves about more uncommon and recondite phenomena: the reason of which is, that the more uncommon often only mislead us so long as the causes of the more ordinary are still unknown; and the circumstances upon which they depend are almost always so special and minute as to be highly difficult to detect.
You'll kill yourself with your stuffy old experiments."
It is also most instructive to compare--but I have not space here to enter on details--the evidence advanced by our best botanists on the question whether certain doubtful forms should be ranked as species or varieties, with the evidence from fertility adduced by different hybridisers, or by the same author, from experiments made during different years.
"I have only been trying experiments with a letter of my own, before I wrote to Mr.
Heidegger, motioning them to be seated, "I am desirous of your assistance in one of those little experiments with which I amuse myself here in my study."
There is no evidence that this was done in the experiments in question, nor indeed that the influence of theory in falsifying the introspection was at all adequately recognized.
So it happened that when Bell ran to Ellis as a young enthusiast and told his experiments, Ellis informed him that Helmholtz had done the same things several years before and done them more completely.
"I am going to try a scientific experiment," explained the Rajah.
The upshot of the experiment, so far as she was concerned, was that she had quarrelled with her companion, and had gone off in search of her husband, on which search she was embarked at the moment of my encountering her.
Their reply once ascertained, they could then discuss the mechanical means, and nothing should be wanting to ensure the success of this great experiment.
One of the objects of the Council of Censors which met in Pennsylvania in 1783 and 1784, was, as we have seen, to inquire, "whether the constitution had been violated, and whether the legislative and executive departments had encroached upon each other." This important and novel experiment in politics merits, in several points of view, very particular attention.