Zhanibekov, the belief in expurgatory
firepower is related to Zoroastrianism (Zhanibekov 2007:137-8).
Moreno notes that, malgre tout, it was in the reign of Philip II that Vives was most often cited in works of Spanish authors, those citations including Vives' commentaries on the De civitate Dei (placed, however, on the Expurgatory
Index of 1584).
In "The Expurgatory
Policy of the Church and the Works of Gasparo Contarini," Fragnito turns from the popular image of book-burning inquisitors to the more subtle Index expurgatorius, a list of books that "Congregation of the Index" judged to be redeemable if their dangerous sentiments were removed.
Fragnito's "The Expurgatory
Policy of the Church and the Works of Gasparo Contarini" succinctly discusses the evolving versions of the Index of Prohibited Books and the problems of expurgation when the Congregation of the Index, its staff, and helpers lacked the resources (and willpower) to correct suspended books as the range of subject matter scrutinized increased especially in the 1590s.
To ask, as Dympna Callaghan does in her seminal essay, why if there were blacks were they not used on the Elizabethan stage, (18) is to confront the expurgatory
regime of Shakespearean racial acting in which the black subject can be re-presented but not allowed to present itself.
Through creative license, the engravings prove subtle in interpretation and expurgatory