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range; distance; measure; length; degree: He is agreeable to some extent.
Not to be confused with:
extant – still existing; not destroyed: There is only one extant copy of the book.
extinct – no longer in use; no longer existing: Many animals are now extinct.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree


a. The range, magnitude, or distance over which a thing extends: landowners unaware of the extent of their own holdings.
b. The degree to which a thing extends: prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.
2. An extensive space or area: an extent of desert.
3. Law
a. In Great Britain, a writ allowing a creditor to seize a debtor's property temporarily.
b. The seizure in execution of such a writ.
4. Archaic An assessment or valuation, as of land in Britain, especially for taxation.

[Middle English extente, assessment on land, from Anglo-Norman, from feminine past participle of extendre, to extend, from Latin extendere; see extend.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. the range over which something extends; scope: the extent of the damage.
2. an area or volume: a vast extent of concrete.
3. (Law) law US a writ authorizing a person to whom a debt is due to assume temporary possession of his debtor's lands
4. (Logic) logic another word for extension11
[C14: from Old French extente, from Latin extentus extensive, from extendere to extend]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. the space or degree to which a thing extends: the extent of her property.
2. something having extension: the limitless extent of the skies.
3. a writ by which a debtor's lands are valued and transferred to a creditor.
[1250–1300; extente assessment]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
extend, extent - Are based on Latin pandere, "stretch."
See also related terms for stretching.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.



by a long chalk By a large amount, by a great degree, by far. This colloquial British expression derives from the practice of using chalk marks to keep score in various games. Thus, a “long chalk” would be a large number of marks or points—a high score. The equivalent American expression is by a long shot and both are frequently heard in the negative—not by a long chalk or shot.

by a long shot By a great deal, by far, by a considerable extent. This U.S. expression was in print as early as the 1870s.

That’s more’n I’d done by a long shot. (Edward Eggleston, Hoosier Schoolmaster, 1872)

A long shot is a contestant in any competition, most commonly athletic or political, with little chance of winning; therefore, with high odds in the betting. By extension, the phrase has come to refer to any bet or undertaking having little chance of success but great potential should the unexpected occur. Long shot connotes greatness of quantity or quality, if only in potential. Therefore, by a long shot means ‘by a large amount or degree,’ and the negative not by a long shot means ‘not at all,’ ‘in no way, shape or form,’ or ‘hopelessly out of the question.’

by a long sight By a considerable amount; a great deal; to a large extent. Sight in this expression may carry its meaning of ‘range or field of vision,’ and hence, indicate distance. By further extension, long sight in this Americanism refers to great quantity or degree rather than spatial distance. This expression dates from the early 19th century and is most frequently heard in the negative. Other variants are interchangeable with long, as in the following quotation from Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn:

I asked her if she reckoned Tom’sawyer would go there, and she said not by a considerable sight.

by a nose By an extremely narrow margin, just barely, by a hair or whisker. The allusion is to a horse race in which the winner crosses the finish line only a nose ahead of his rival. This U.S. slang expression dates from the early part of the 20th century.

Flying Cloud slipped by the pair and won on the post by a nose in one forty nine! (L. Mitchell, New York Idea, 1908)

higher than Gilderoy’s kite Very high, higher than a kite, out of sight.

She squandered millions of francs on a navy … and the first time she took her new toy into action she got it knocked higher than Gilderoy’s kite—to use the language of the Pilgrims. (Mark Twain, The Innocents Abroad, 1869)

This chiefly U.S. expression is apparently a truncated version of hung higher than Gilderoy’s kite ‘to be punished more severely than the very worst of criminals.’ The allusion is to the hanging of the notorious Scottish highwayman, Patrick Macgregor, nicknamed Gilderoy, and five of his gang in Edinburgh in 1636. According to legal custom at the time, the greater the crime, the higher the gallows, and so it was with the gallows of Gilderoy that towered above those of his companions. As for the kite in the expression, two explanations have been offered. One is that Gilderoy was hung so high that he looked like a kite in the sky. The other, more scholarly, is based on the fact that kite or kyte meant ‘the stomach, the belly’ in Scottish and by extension was probably used to denote the whole body.

out of all scotch and notch Beyond all bounds or limits; incalculable, immeasurable, unlimited, unbounded. Rarely heard today, this expression is said to refer to the boundary lines, or scotches, and the corners, or notches, used in the children’s game of hopscotch.

The pleasure which you have done unto me, is out of all scotch and notch. (Martin Marprelate, Hay any Work for Cooper, 1589)

room to swing a cat Plentiful space; ample room; a large area. This expression has several possible origins, none of them particularly plausible. One theory alludes to the sailors’ pastime of twirling a cat about by the tail, while another possibility refers to the former training exercise in which a cat was suspended in a bottle and shot at for target practice. Cat was also an old Scottish word for rogue; thus, the expression may have derived from the amount of room necessary to hang a wrongdoer. In any case, the phrase is often applied negatively to describe a lack of space or cramped quarters.

June, I am pent up in a frowzy lodging, where there is not room enough to swing a cat. (Tobias Smollett, Expedition of Humphry Clinker, 1771)

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extent - the point or degree to which something extends; "the extent of the damage"; "the full extent of the law"; "to a certain extent she was right"
degree, stage, level, point - a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; "a remarkable degree of frankness"; "at what stage are the social sciences?"
2.extent - the distance or area or volume over which something extends; "the vast extent of the desert"; "an orchard of considerable extent"
magnitude - the property of relative size or extent (whether large or small); "they tried to predict the magnitude of the explosion"; "about the magnitude of a small pea"
coverage - the extent to which something is covered; "the dictionary's coverage of standard English is excellent"
frontage - the extent of land abutting on a street or water
limit, bound, boundary - the greatest possible degree of something; "what he did was beyond the bounds of acceptable behavior"; "to the limit of his ability"
ambit, range, scope, reach, compass, orbit - an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; "a piano has a greater range than the human voice"; "the ambit of municipal legislation"; "within the compass of this article"; "within the scope of an investigation"; "outside the reach of the law"; "in the political orbit of a world power"
surface area, expanse, area - the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary; "the area of a rectangle"; "it was about 500 square feet in area"
length - the property of being the extent of something from beginning to end; "the editor limited the length of my article to 500 words"
depth, deepness - the extent downward or backward or inward; "the depth of the water"; "depth of a shelf"; "depth of a closet"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. magnitude, amount, degree, scale, level, measure, stretch, quantity, bulk, duration, expanse, amplitude The full extent of the losses was revealed yesterday.
2. size, area, range, length, reach, bounds, sweep, sphere, width, compass, breadth, ambit an estate about seven or eight acres in extent
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. The measure of how far or long something goes in space, time, or degree:
2. An area within which something or someone exists, acts, or has influence or power:
3. The amount of space occupied by something:
dimension, magnitude, measure, proportion (often used in plural), size.
4. Relative intensity or amount, as of a quality or attribute:
5. A wide and open area, as of land, sky, or water:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
مَدَىمدى، دَرَجَهمساحَه، حَجْم
umfang; magn; markyfirgrip, víîátta, stærî, lengd
phạm vi


[ɪksˈtent] N
1. (in space) [of land, road] → extensión f
2. (= scope) [of knowledge, damage, activities] → alcance m; [of power] → límite m
the extent of the problemel alcance or la envergadura del problema
we did not know the extent of his injuries until laterno tuvimos conocimiento del alcance de sus lesiones hasta más tarde
3. (= degree) [of commitment, loss] → grado m
to what extent?¿hasta qué punto?
to a certain or to some extenthasta cierto punto
to a large extenten gran parte or medida
to a small extenten menor grado
to such an extent thathasta tal punto que
to the extent of (= as far as) → hasta el punto de; (in money) → por la cantidad de
to that extent, she is righten ese sentido, ella tiene razón
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ɪkˈstɛnt] n
(= area) → étendue f
(= degree) [damage, loss] → importance f
the full extent of the problem → toute l'étendue du problème
to some extent, to a certain extent → dans une certaine mesure
to a large extent → en grande partie
to what extent? → dans quelle mesure?, jusqu'à quel point?
to the extent of doing sth → au point de faire qch
to such an extent that ... → à tel point que ...
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(= length)Länge f; (= size)Ausdehnung f
(= range, scope, of knowledge, alterations, power, activities, commitments) → Umfang m; (of damage, losses)Ausmaß nt, → Umfang m; debts to the extent of £5,000Schulden in Höhe von £ 5.000
(= degree)Grad m, → Maß nt; to some extentbis zu einem gewissen Grade; to what extentinwieweit; to a certain extentin gewissem Maße; to a large/lesser extentin hohem/geringerem Maße; she was involved only to the extent of investing a small amountihre Beteiligung beschränkte sich auf die Investition einer kleinen Summe; to such an extent that …dermaßen or derart, dass …; he was ruined to the extent that he had to sell everythinger war dermaßen ruiniert, dass er alles verkaufen musste; such was the extent of the damageso groß war der Schaden
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ɪksˈtɛnt] n (of land) → estensione f; (of road) → lunghezza; (of knowledge, activities, power) → portata; (degree, of damage, loss) → proporzioni fpl
to what extent → in che misura, fino a che punto
to a certain/large extent → in certa/larga misura
to such an extent that → a tal punto che
to the extent of → fino al punto di
to some extent → fino a un certo punto
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(-t) noun
1. the area or length to which something extends. The bird's wings measured 20 centimetres at their fullest extent; The garden is nearly a kilometre in extent; A vast extent of grassland.
2. amount; degree. What is the extent of the damage?; To what extent can we trust him?
to a certain extent / to some extent
partly but not completely.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


مَدَى rozloha omfang Ausmaß έκταση alcance laajuus étendue razmjer estensione 広がり 범위 mate omfang zasięg extensão протяжение omfattning ขอบเขต boyut phạm vi 程度
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
According to this distribution, each confederacy would comprise an extent of territory larger than that of the kingdom of Great Britain.
Finding that I took an interest in the subject, he expressed a regret that the true nature and extent of his enterprise and its national character and importance had never been understood, and a wish that I would undertake to give an account of it.
A DOG, used to eating eggs, saw an Oyster and, opening his mouth to its widest extent, swallowed it down with the utmost relish, supposing it to be an egg.
What extent of lowland may be encompassed by the high peaks beyond, must remain for the present matter of mere conjecture though from the form of the summits, and the breaks which may be discovered among them, there can be little doubt that they are the sources of streams calculated to water large tracts, which are probably concealed from view by the rotundity of the lake's surface.
He pointed with a sweeping gesture, as though calling Adam's attention to the extent of the view.
We have now considered that art of money-getting which is not necessary, and have seen in what manner we became in want of it; and also that which is necessary, which is different from it; for that economy which is natural, and whose object is to provide food, is not like this unlimited in its extent, but has its bounds.
For, in the first place even the principle which I have already taken as a rule, viz., that all the things which we clearly and distinctly conceive are true, is certain only because God is or exists and because he is a Perfect Being, and because all that we possess is derived from him: whence it follows that our ideas or notions, which to the extent of their clearness and distinctness are real, and proceed from God, must to that extent be true.
The other point of difference is, the greater number of citizens and extent of territory which may be brought within the compass of republican than of democratic government; and it is this circumstance principally which renders factious combinations less to be dreaded in the former than in the latter.
Our business is to learn and to report to monsieur le surintendant of the finances to what extent English smuggling is injurious to the French merchants.
The dialect was on her tongue to some extent, despite the village school: the characteristic intonation of that dialect for this district being the voicing approximately rendered by the syllable UR, probably as rich an utterance as any to be found in human speech.
Johnson, but now the extent of my aversion is not to be estimated.
"'When the monster had nearly reached the shore where we stood, it suddenly pushed out one of its eyes to a great extent, and emitted from it a terrible flash of fire, accompanied by a dense cloud of smoke, and a noise that I can compare to nothing but thunder.