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The exterior of a building or vehicle is the outside part of it.
Exterior is often used as an adjective in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building or vehicle.
External can be used in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building.
External can be used in front of other nouns to refer to things which happen, come from, or exist outside a place or area of activity.
You cannot use exterior in this way.
|Noun||1.||external - outward features; "he enjoyed the solemn externals of religion"|
|Adj.||1.||external - happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; "the external auditory canal"; "external pressures"|
outside - relating to or being on or near the outer side or limit; "an outside margin"
internal - happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface; "internal organs"; "internal mechanism of a toy"; "internal party maneuvering"
|2.||external - coming from the outside; "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"|
extrinsic - not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside; "extrinsic evidence"; "an extrinsic feature of the new building"; "that style is something extrinsic to the subject"; "looking for extrinsic aid"
|3.||external - from or between other countries; "external commerce"; "international trade"; "developing nations need outside help"|
foreign - of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own); "foreign trade"; "a foreign office"
|4.||external - purely outward or superficial; "external composure"; "an external concern for reputation"- A.R.Gurney,Jr.|
outward - relating to physical reality rather than with thoughts or the mind; "a concern with outward beauty rather than with inward reflections"
outer inside, internal, interior, inner, inherent, intrinsic, immanent
foreign home, domestic, interior, intrinsic
"for external use only" (Med) → de uso tópico or externo
external audit N → auditoría f externa
external debt N → deuda f externa, deuda f exterior
external degree N (Brit) (Univ) → licenciatura f por libre
external examination N → examen m externo
external examiner N → examinador(a) m/f externo/a
external student N (Brit) (Univ) → alumno/a m/f externo/a, alumno/a m/f libre
external trade N → comercio m exterior