An accessory obturator artery from the external iliac artery that runs along the posterior part of pubic bone or a pubic vein from the external iliac vein
or an arterial branch from the inferior epigastric artery will be detected at the lateral border of that field during its path to obturator foramen.
A contrast computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 72 x 49 mm mass closely adjoining the left external iliac vein
. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the mass was isointense with muscle in the T1-weighted image (Figure 1(a)).
A contrast-enhanced CT showed a narrowing of the right external iliac vein
without any thromboemboli in both lower extremities; however, she was incidentally found to have suspicious emboli in her pulmonary arteries.
Transplant surgeons should be informed of all patients on the waiting list with current or previous catheters beyond the common iliac vein confluence (or within both external iliac veins
) for more than 30 cumulative days, as difficult transplantation should be anticipated.
Chandra, "Novel approach to a giant external iliac vein
aneurysm secondary to posttraumatic femoral arteriovenous fistula," Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol.
Like one of our patients few cases of external iliac vein
aneurysm with traumatic AVF of thigh have been reported in literature15.
It was in continuity with the left external iliac vein
and was identified as the left IVC.
The renal vein was anastomosed first with the external iliac vascular clamps were removed from the external iliac vein
and a single vascular clamp was applied on the grafted renal vein.
There were two complications in the robotic group: a tear in the right external iliac vein
that required open management and a transfusion, and a pelvic abscess, which was treated with postoperative antibiotics.
Ultrasonography examination showed acute deep venous thrombosis extending from the popliteal to the distal external iliac vein
. Thrombophilia testing was in normal value; it included antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, homocysteine, activated protein C resistance test, and presence of antiphospholipid antibodies.
Excessive medial acetabular reaming or cement extrusion through a medial acetabular defect, (4,5,7) has been reported to result in direct injury to the external iliac vein
. (8) Avoidance of the anterior-superior quadrant during insertion of acetabular screw fixation is recommended to avoid injury to the external iliac vessels.