The move came almost forty years after Afonso had first claimed the royal title for himself and arrived precisely because the pope considered Afonso an intrepid extirpator
of those who hate the Christian name and a diligent propagator of the Christian Faith.
Yet to the extirpator
in his role as preacher, they became nothing more than "ugly rocks", regularly soiled by animals and little boys.(31) Similarly, the conopas, sculpted and natural forms, often of stone, were, to many Andeans, mobile, personal founts of energy, fertility and good fortune.
The well known 'extirpator
of idolatry', Jacinto de la Serna, had no qualms about attributing the healing powers of an Indian to a demonic compact; yet, in the very same passage, he describes how he himself performed a similar healing rite on his Indian servant with the bone of a saintly man he had in his possession.
Cristobal de Albornoz, the most prolific extirpator
of the movement, defines Taki Onqoy in similar terms: "en aquellas provincias hallase una apostassia predicada entre los naturales que los tenia a los mas naturales dellas prevertidos y apartados de nuestra fee y religion cristiana" (192).
of idolatry were hunting down men and women of indigenous ancestry whom they felt were secretly practicing idolatry.
The native religious specialists indeed feared the ladino (bilingual) informants who appeared before the Spanish colonial court, for they considered them to have sided with the extirpators
Ant community ecologists have sorted resource-defending ants into functional groups within the context of the community Holldobler and Wilson (1990) called resource-defending ants "extirpators
' because they excluded other species through interference competition, fighting, and mass recruitment.