Plasmids are extrachromosomal
DNA found in bacteria and are associated with the genes for antibiotic resistance which are often exchanged between bacteria and consequentially, are seen by many to embody a serious threat to global health.
Genes encoded within 8q24 on the amplicon of a large extrachromosomal
element are selectively repressed during the terminal differentiation of HL-60 cells.
There were significant reciprocal effects (RE) at a 5% significance level among the parents in relation to days before female flower anthesis, main branch length, fruit width, pulp firmness, soluble solids content, rind thickness, seed length, seed width, and seed mass (Table 3), which allowed suggesting that for the genetic control of these traits, extrachromosomal
inheritance or maternal effects were involved.
We have no evidence for the nature of such suspected amplifications, either intrachromosomal or episomic (extrachromosomal
), but excision of a region of a chromosome in the form of a plasmid-like amplicon has been previously reported in Leptospira .
Episomal vector and Sender virus vector were once thought to be ideal nonintegrating methods, as the former works as extrachromosomal
DNA in the nucleus while the latter is a method of transgene-free induction.
Palindrome Repeats (CRISPRs) Have Spacers of Extrachromosomal
After the infection of basal cells, including stem cells, with a high rate of division, the expression of viral genes is activated, generating up to 100 extrachromosomal
copies of HPV DNA per cell.
The fosfomycin resistance gene fosB3 is located on a transferable, extrachromosomal
circular intermediate in clinical Enterococcus faecium isolates.
The original methods to isolate transgenic strains yield animals harboring extrachromosomal
transgenes, usually called extrachromosomal
A real time PCR platform for the simultaneous quantification of total and extrachromosomal
HIV DNA forms in blood of HIV-1 infected patients.