Pelagic larvae are often considered a primary means of dispersal, and can lead to extralimital
California records.--We have verified a total of nineteen oarfish strandings and sightings along the California coast, since 1901, all from southern California with the exception of one sighting slightly north of the Point Conception boundary, plus several unverified and extralimital
(2012) explore details of this species' extralimital
distributions north of the conventional tree line in Canada's Northwest Territories (NWT).
The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extralimital
Jacobs, "Diet and seasonal dispersal of extralimital
giraffe at Sanbona Wildlife Reserve, Little Karoo, South Africa," Koedoe, vol.
records of the Mexican Free-Tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis mexicana) in the central United States and their biological significance.
In parallel, the genus has extralimital
records in Quaternary assemblages from the Brazilian state of Bahia (P.
Empirical studies of extralimital
individuals are uncommon but necessary to understand when species can and cannot adapt to environmental change (Angert and Schemske, 2005; Sexton et al., 2009).
However, it may be that this species is extralimital
or, possibly, new.
Habia copetona Habia cristata (Cardinalidae): Endemica de Colombia y registrada en la cordillera occidental (Hilty & Brown 2001) y algunos reportes recientes en los departamentos de Caldas y Quindio en la cordillera central (Corpocaldas & Asociacion Calidris 2010; Arbelaez-Cortes et al.,2011); previamente conocida en el Tolima por un registro extralimital
hacia la zona centro occidente en el municipio de Ibague (Losada-Prado et al., 2005) y posteriormente en otras localidades del municipio (Parra et al., 2007, Molina-Martinez 2014), el presente reporte disminuiria los vacios de distribucion entre el municipio de Ibague y la cuenca del Rio San Miguel en el Huila, representando el registro mas al sur en el Tolima (eBird 2016).
Infauna were sampled at three different study locations in southern Puget Sound at monthly intervals before, during, and after harvests of clams, and along extralimital
transects extending away from the edges of cultured plots to assess the effects of harvest activities in adjacent uncultured habitat.
These records have been attributed to short-term extralimital
movements by Cook Inlet animals (Laidre et al., 2000).