fMRI


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fMRI

abbr.
functional magnetic resonance imaging
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

FMRI

abbreviation for
(Pathology) functional magnetic resonance imaging: a technique that directly measures the blood flow in the brain, thereby providing information on brain activity
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fMRI - a form of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain that registers blood flow to functioning areas of the brain
magnetic resonance imaging, MRI - the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
BOLD FMRI - functional magnetic resonance imaging that relies on intrinsic changes in hemoglobin oxygenation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, fMRI's BOLD response cannot provide the time resolution necessary to allow real-time feedback to a patient about synchrony changes occurring in his or her brain.
The researchers found they could get a view of the spinal cord neural circuits by using an fMRI scanner with a 7 Tesla magnet, multichannel spinal-cord coils and advanced methods for acquiring and analyzing the data.
These regions are analogous to brain locales in humans that respond to human voices, the team found by playing the same recording for 22 people undergoing fMRI scans.
The basic principle of fMRI is that focal cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen consumption increase when specific areas of the brain are stimulated with focal activities [13].
Brain activity was recorded using fMRI while subjects performed the task inside an MRI scanner.
This research is the first to explore the effects of mental countermeasures on brain activity in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and it showed that when people used the countermeasures, the test proved to be 20 per cent less accurate.
The focus of the fMRI analysis was on brain regions implicated in reward and reward valuation, including the orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, striatum (caudate, nucleus accumbens, putamen), insula, midbrain, and amygdala, as these regions are activated by desire and rewarding experience, such as consuming high-sugar food.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is rooted in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin for paramagnetic properties to show images of changing blood flow in the brain linked with neural activity (2).
'When we show pictures of appetizing foods, the ventral medial prefrontal cortex area becomes more active on fMRI, ' said Dagher.
By analyzing fMRI images in every region of the brains in 892 American men and women, the study authors linked greater entropy to more versatile processing of information.
A number of studies have been conducted using pattern recognition techniques applied on fMRI for the study of AD.
Although various supervised-learning classification techniques that included support vector machine (SVM), logistic regression, naive Bayesian, and deep neural networks were applied to brain state decoding of fMRI data [6-9], SRC has seldom been applied to fMRI-based brain state decoding due to the various variabilities in fMRI data, such as complex and high noises and the delay of hemodynamic response.