of attack The court heard how the cut to his neck penetrated the muscle and cut the external jugular vein and his facial artery
The angular artery is the terminal branch of the facial artery
Medially it is related to the lingual artery, the facial artery
, superficial temporal artery, the maxillary artery, the internal carotid artery, the internal jugular vein and the stylomandibular ligament.
Various techniques have been suggested for the closure e-g buccal mucosal graft, split thickness graft , allogenic graft, tongue flaps, fibromucosal plate flaps (the push back technique), facial artery
musculo-mucosal flaps (FAMM Flap) , temporal muscle flaps and buccal fat pad flap.
But this flap can also be associated with some limitations such as risk of nodal metastasis difficulty in clearing the level I lymph nodes and in addition to its contraindications which include previous radiotherapy ligation of the facial artery
or prior neck surgery.
The development of a facial artery
pseudoaneurysm (PA) after facial fracture surgery is an extremely uncommon occurrence, but may result in serious bleeding in the post-operative period.
The mucosal surface was inset prior to the microsurgical anastomosis to the right facial artery
and common facial vein.
The facial artery
, transverse facial vessel and the internal maxillary artery as well as their anastomosing branches enter the fat tissue and form a lobar subcapsular vascular plexus by anastomosing with each other.
In 1 patient it was repeated on the same day, initially ipsilateral IMA and facial artery
were embolized but on 2nd attempt contralateral IMA was also occluded, this could be a contribution from the contralateral IMA.
The facial artery
and/or its branches are preserved when possible, under loupe magnification.
The irrigation of the lips is contributed principally by the labial arteries proceeding from the facial artery
, with participation of the infraorbitary artery in the upper lip and mental artery in the inferior lip (Kleinheinz et al.
Enters space through the incomplete SLDCF posteromedially; anastomoses with the facial artery