Facial Muscle Spasm (FMS) refers to the stiffness or clonus of muscles controlled by homolateral facial nerves
, which is painless, intermittent, unspontaneous and irregular.
Sheikhan al-Hashmi, a consultant at the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Burn and Craniofacial surgery, at Khawla Hospital managed to repair damaged facial nerves
after a two-and-a-half hour surgery and helped restore the child's smile.
During complex surgical procedures in and around the Internal Auditory Canal, it is critical that protection and care is given to the facial nerves
, Cranial Nerves VII and VIII.
(6) The depth of invasion into the parotid gland can be delineated using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, which can also provide information on the degree of infiltration of the surrounding structures, such as the skin, facial nerves
, external auditory canal and temporal bone.
The extratemporal portion of rats' facial nerves
was evaluated in this study.
Other suggested causes of recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma are the perforating pseudopodia of the tumor, capsule rupture by the surgical procedure, and the proximity of the tumor to facial nerves
. (11) In our case, the pleomorphic adenoma was spread in such a fashion that it led to the distinct demarcation both superficial and deep lobes of the parotid gland with identification of facial nerve
, thereby facilitating complete resection during surgery.
(3,14,19), CNTF application onto the proximal stump of lesioned facial nerves
in newborn rats rescued virtually all of the axotomized motor neurons.
This happens due to the inflammation of facial nerves
or when regions within the brain through which the facial nerve
passes are affected.
In the vast majority of facial nerves
(88%), the geniculate ganglion is the major component of facial nerve
sensory input; in 4% of facial nerves
, the number of cells in the geniculate and meatal ganglia are approximately equal, and in 8%, the meatal ganglion is larger than the geniculate ganglion.
Anastomosis between the two facial nerves
. Laryngoscope 1975;85(8):1359-66.
We also hypothesize there is a constant ratio between the sizes of the cochlear and facial nerves
in healthy individuals.
Cranial nerve involvement is usually limited to the vestibulocochlear and facial nerves
, but trigeminal and abducens nerve palsies have also been reported.