Munchausen syndrome

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Mun·chau·sen syndrome

 (mŭn′chou′zən, mŭnch′hou′-)
n.
A psychiatric disorder characterized by the repeated fabrication of disease signs and symptoms for the purpose of gaining medical attention.

[After Baron Karl Friedrich Hieronymus von Münchhausen (because the fabricated diseases recalled his fictionalized accounts of his life).]

Mun′chausen syn`drome


n.
a factitious disorder in which otherwise healthy individuals seek to hospitalize themselves with feigned or self-induced pathology in order to receive medical treatment.
[1950–55; named after Baron von Münchhausen, whose fictionalized accounts of his own experiences suggest symptoms of the disorder]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Munchausen syndrome - syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
syndrome - a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Source: Reference 1 Table 2 Characteristics of amnesia in factitious disorder and malingering Factitious amnesia * Intentional feigning of signs and symptoms * Association with Cluster B personality disorders * Medical or psychiatric illness * Diagnosed on axis I * Motivated to assume sick role--unconscious drive * Referral to health professional * Clinician's outlook * "Suffering" Malingered amnesia * Intentional feigning of signs and symptoms * Possible antisocial personality disorder * Meeting personal needs * An ICD-9 V code; not a disorder * Motivated by external incentives--conscious drive * May involve legal system * Clinician's outlook * "Liar" Source: Reference 6 Table 3 DSM-5 criteria for conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) A.
Factitious disorder, also known as Munchausen syndrome, is an extreme condition that defines patients who intentionally produce or feign symptoms or disabilities, either physical or psychological.
This category includes: * somatic symptom disorder * illness anxiety disorder * conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) * psychological factors affecting other medical conditions * factitious disorder * other specified somatic symptom and related disorder * unspecified somatic symptom and related disorder.
Key Words: cardiopathia fantastica, factitious disorder, Munchausen syndrome, somatoform disorders
Factitious disorder by proxy: Clinical features, detection, and management, in Feldman MD, Eisendrath SJ (eds): The Spectrum of Factitious Disorders.
Informed skepticism is acceptable--even encouraged--in making a diagnosis of malingering, factitious disorder, some personality disorders, substance abuse, and psychotic states, to name a few.
A is beyond usual age of onset, and symptoms have lasted <1 month Broca's aphasia/CVA No corresponding organic lesions on MRI Factitious disorder No motivation to assume the sick role Psychotic speech No other evidence of psychosis CVA: cerebrovascular accident; EEG: electroencephalography; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging
B's intentional production of physical symptoms strongly suggested malingering, but we instead diagnosed factitious disorder because he was clearly motivated to play the sick role despite lack of a secondary gain (Box 2).
19) Symptom validity testing can help distinguish factitious disorder and malingering (see "Neurocognitive impairment: Feigned, exaggerated, or real?
We also must watch for signs of a delusional or factitious disorder or malingering--any of which would suggest the allegations are false.
Malingerers and patients with factitious disorder typically will insist on their desire to be cured and discharged.