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n. pl. fac·to·ries
a. A building or group of buildings in which goods are manufactured; a plant.
2. A business establishment for commercial agents or factors in a foreign country.
3. The source of prolific production: a rock group that was a hit-tune factory; a motel that served as an illegal drug factory.

[Late Latin factōria, oil press, mill, and Medieval Latin factōria, establishment for factors, both from Latin factor, factor; see factor.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -ries
1. (Commerce)
a. a building or group of buildings containing a plant assembly for the manufacture of goods
b. (as modifier): a factory worker.
2. (Commerce) rare a trading station maintained by factors in a foreign country
3. Canadian (formerly) a main trading station for the exchange and transshipment of furs
[C16: from Late Latin factorium; see factor]
ˈfactory-ˌlike adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfæk tə ri, -tri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. a building or group of buildings with facilities for the manufacture of goods.
2. (formerly) an establishment in a foreign country where factors carried on their business.
[1550–60; factor, + -y3]
fac′to•ry•like`, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


- Originally a place where traders did their business in another country, based on Latin factorium, "an oil press" (for olive oil).
See also related terms for olive oil.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


 a body of factors, or workers, 1702.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'factory'

A building where machines are used to make things is usually called a factory.

I work in a cheese factory.
He visited several factories which produce domestic electrical goods.
2. 'works'

A place where things are made or where an industrial process takes place can also be called a works. A works can consist of several buildings and may include outdoor equipment and machinery.

There used to be an iron works here.

After works you can use either a singular or plural form of a verb.

The sewage works was closed down.
Engineering works are planned for this district.
3. 'mill'

A building where a particular material is made is often called a mill.

He worked at a cotton mill.
4. 'plant'

A building where chemicals are produced is called a chemical plant.

There was an explosion at a chemical plant.

A power station can also be referred to as a plant.

They discussed the re-opening of the nuclear plant.


1. 'manufacture'

Manufacture refers to the process of making goods using machines. Manufacture is an uncountable noun.

The chemical is used in the manufacture of plastics.
2. 'factory'

Don't use 'manufacture' to refer to a building where machines are used to make things. Use factory.

She works at the chocolate factory.
See factory - works - mill - plant
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.factory - a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturingfactory - a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing
assembly plant - a factory where manufactured parts are assembled into a finished product
auto factory, automobile factory, car factory - a factory where automobiles are manufactured
cannery - a factory where food is canned
chemical plant - an industrial plant where chemicals are produced
closed-circuit television - a television system that is not used for broadcasting but is connected by cables to designated monitors (as in a factory or theater)
conveyer belt, conveyor belt, conveyor, conveyer, transporter - a moving belt that transports objects (as in a factory)
foundry, metalworks - factory where metal castings are produced
lumbermill, sawmill - a mill for dressing logs and lumber
paper mill - a mill where paper is manufactured
industrial plant, plant, works - buildings for carrying on industrial labor; "they built a large plant to manufacture automobiles"
assembly line, production line, line - mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
shop floor - workplace consisting of the part of a factory housing the machines; "the productive work is done on the shop floor"
stamp mill, stamping mill - a mill in which ore is crushed with stamps
steel factory, steel mill, steel plant, steelworks - a factory where steel is made
sweatshop - factory where workers do piecework for poor pay and are prevented from forming unions; common in the clothing industry
textile mill - a factory for making textiles
uptime - a period of time when something (as a machine or factory) is functioning and available for use
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun works, plant, mill, workshop, assembly line, shop floor, manufactory (obsolete) He owned furniture factories in New York.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


A building or complex in which an industry is located:
mill, plant, work (used in plural).
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
nhà máy


A. Nfábrica f
B. CPD factory farm Ngranja f de cría intensiva
factory farming Ncría f intensiva
factory floor Nfábrica f
workers on the factory floortrabajadores mpl de fábrica
factory floor opinionopinión f de los obreros
factory inspector Ninspector(a) m/f de trabajo
factory ship Nbuque m factoría
factory work Ntrabajo m de fábrica
factory worker Nobrero/a m/f industrial
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


n (industrial)usine f; (smaller-scale)fabrique f
weapons factory → usine m d'armement
furniture factory → fabrique f de meubles
factory worker → ouvrier/ière m/f
factory owner → propriétaire mf d'usineFactory Acts npl (British) ensemble des lois qui régissait les conditions de travail dans les usines au XIXe sièclefactory farming nélevage m industrielfactory floor n
the factory floor (= workers) → les ouvriers mpl (= workshop) → l'usine f
on the factory floor → dans les ateliersfactory outlet factory shop nmagasin m d'usinefactory ship nnavire-usine m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nFabrik f; (plant also) → Werk nt


Factory Act
nArbeitsschutzgesetz nt
factory farm
nindustrieller Viehzuchtbetrieb, Großmästerei f
factory farming
nindustriell betriebene Viehzucht
factory hand
nFabrikarbeiter(in) m(f)
factory inspector
nGewerbeaufsichtsbeamte(r) m, → Gewerbeaufsichtsbeamtin f
factory outlet (store)
n (esp US) → Factoryoutlet-Laden m, → Fabrikverkauf m
factory price
nFabrikpreis m
factory ship
nFabrikschiff nt
factory shop
n (Brit) → Factoryoutlet-Laden m, → Fabrikverkauf m
factory worker
nFabrikarbeiter(in) m(f)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


2. adj (inspector, work) → di fabbrica
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈfӕktəri) plural ˈfactories noun
a workshop where manufactured articles are made in large numbers. a car factory; (also adjective) a factory worker.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


مَصْنَع továrna fabrik Fabrik εργοστάσιο fábrica tehdas usine tvornica fabbrica 工場 공장 fabriek fabrikk fabryka fábrica фабрика fabrik โรงงาน fabrika nhà máy 工厂
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
I was met at the station at Lowell by a gentleman intimately connected with the management of the factories there; and gladly putting myself under his guidance, drove off at once to that quarter of the town in which the works, the object of my visit, were situated.
There are several factories in Lowell, each of which belongs to what we should term a Company of Proprietors, but what they call in America a Corporation.
If it does not strike you in that light, you can get a factory and raw cotton for yourselves; you shall not use mine.' In other words, they might go to the devil and starve--Hobson's choice!--for all the other factories were owned by men who offered no better terms.
I suppose the old ones went into the workhouse, and the young ones crowded the towns, and worked for men like my father in factories. Their places were taken by cattle, which paid for their food so well that my grandfather, getting my father to take shares in the enterprise, hired laborers on the Manchester terms to cut that canal for him.
With hundreds of ships loading and unloading on this side right into the freight cars of three big railroads, factories will start up over here instead of crossing to San Francisco.
Do you want factories from which you can ship direct by land or water?
In various quiet nooks and corners I had the beginnings of all sorts of industries under way -- nuclei of future vast factories, the iron and steel missionaries of my future civilization.
The bell again; the glare of light and heat dispelled; the factories, looming heavy in the black wet night - their tall chimneys rising up into the air like competing Towers of Babel.
The big packers did not turn their hands off and close down, like the canning factories; but they began to run for shorter and shorter hours.
Just at this moment how redolent of pleasant associations are its streets, its shops, its warehouses, its factories! How the prospect of this day cheers you!
The panorama passed before their eyes like a flash, save when the steam concealed it fitfully from the view; the travellers could scarcely discern the fort of Chupenie, twenty miles south-westward from Benares, the ancient stronghold of the rajahs of Behar; or Ghazipur and its famous rose-water factories; or the tomb of Lord Cornwallis, rising on the left bank of the Ganges; the fortified town of Buxar, or Patna, a large manufacturing and trading-place, where is held the principal opium market of India; or Monghir, a more than European town, for it is as English as Manchester or Birmingham, with its iron foundries, edgetool factories, and high chimneys puffing clouds of black smoke heavenward.
It means that the United States is coming to own railroads in Brazil, factories, mines, and lands in Brazil.