Tusquets's autobiography gives us concrete pictures of the family members to whom she has alluded, or fictionalized, in her previous work; among these are her cold mother, her Falangist
and anti-Semitic uncle Juan, her Nazi uncle Victor, and her unhappily-married aunts Blanca and Sara.
In a pamphlet called the "Political Meaning of Culture at the Present Time," the Falangist
Minister for National Education Jose Ibanez Martin called for "a noble and Christian revolution of the spirit" involving "the re-education of the present generations and the pure formation of those today who are putty in our hands." The idea of re-educating the populace, of expunging from their minds the "misguided" philosophies of Republicanism and re-filling them with more healthy, spiritually uplifting ideas became an obsession of the early part of the regime--albeit expressed in less cynically manipulative terms than those used by the Minister.
(25) In May of the same year, an issue of the monthly Ultraista magazine Cervantes (founded by Cansinos Assens) published a centennial homage to Whitman, by future Falangist
Gil Gonzalez explains that "The political and ideological instrumentation of the comic strip had already been tested in Spain during the Civil War by tebeos such as the Falangist
Flechas or the Carlist Pelayos."
* Spanish Republicans and other victims of the Falangist
regime in Spain, whether enjoying international status as refugees or not;
Wright attributes objectivity to his form of interviewing to the extent that Pagan Spain itself juxtaposes other journalistic conventions with his own, quoting large portions from the Falangist
catechism to highlight the differences.
Hilton was the last surviving British veteran of the Spanish Civil War; a conflict that raged between July 1936 and April 1939 pitting the democratic government of the Second Spanish Republic against a Falangist
, nationalist rebellion led by General Francisco Franco of the Spanish Army.
Franco has been dead for five years, and Falangist
Spain has already faded into "anachronism." General amnesty has created a "social pact" that blankets the country in a conspiracy of silence; everyone in Madrid, both young and old, heads out all night to test their newfound liberties in bars and discotheques.
And considerable duress there was; the composer was detained for two weeks on the false accusation that he had composed a Falangist
hymn in the late 1930s, and he soon thereafter fled to Navarre, only to return later to Madrid.
At others, and particularly when attempting to grapple with the baggage of the work's reception history--that is, appropriations of its central ideas by Fascist and Falangist
interpretations of Spanish identity--the emotion was closer to exasperation.