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1. A folding chair or stool, especially one used by a bishop when not occupying the throne or when presiding away from the cathedral.
2. Ecclesiastical
a. A desk at which the litany is recited.
b. A small desk at which worshipers kneel to pray, especially one at which the British sovereign kneels at the time of coronation.

[Partial translation of Medieval Latin faldistolium, folding stool, of Germanic origin; see pel- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a backless seat, sometimes capable of being folded, used by bishops and certain other prelates
[C11 fyldestol, probably a translation of Medieval Latin faldistolium folding stool, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German faldstuol]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. a chair or seat used by bishops away from their thrones.
2. a folding stool or desk used by worshipers.
3. a stool used by sovereigns of England at their coronations.
[1595–1605; < Medieval Latin faldistolium < West Germanic *faldistōl; see fold1, stool]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The act of listening to a person's confession is normally represented either by a priest holding the hands of the person, as on the font at Brooke, or perhaps by having the penitent place his hands on the clergyman's knees or on a faldstool. (30) But since the act of confession, or holy shrift, was not then necessarily the private rite that it presently is--instead the penitent was often accompanied by others, either themselves penitents, members of one's kin-folk, or neighbors (31)--the scene here draws the audience at the play into the action in a demonstration of the principle of symbolic engagement that is characteristic of the early religious drama.
There are so many different kinds it would take too long to list them all, though some of the better known include a creepie, a low stool found in Scottish churches dating from the late 17th century, a faldstool that has scrolled ends for siting in a window recess and a kneeler, which is basically a hassock.
This unsigned note was inserted among prayer books on the King's faldstool: Prince Ferdinand prepares a movement in the palace.
The next scene in the narrative is Saul's anointing; the first king of Judah is shown crowned and seated on a faldstool with his head bowed towards Samuel who anoints him with the sacred unction.
Newly anointed, the king is seated upon a faldstool made of intersecting legs terminating in lion heads.