Here the main debate divides infallibilists, who contend that, in a disputed case, all jurists are principally sound, and fallibilists
, who argue that there can only be one sound opinion (equaling the judgment of God).
Lewis thought concessive knowledge attributions (for example, "I know that Harry is a zebra, but it might be that he's just a cleverly disguised mule") caused serious trouble for fallibilists
. As he saw it, CKAs are overt statements of the fallibilist
view and they are contradictory.
In contrast, fallibilists
consider mathematics as fallible, and it is developed through conjectures, proofs, and refutations, where uncertainty is accepted as inherent in the discipline (Thompson, 1992).
Pockets of liberal anti-relativism persisted, as did pockets of conservative pragmatism--as seen in the work of such recent conservative fallibilists
I didn't mention that thesis because Popper and other fallibilists
(see Agassi, 1975; Bartley, 1984; Popper, 1989, 2000) have, to my mind at least, put to bed its concerns.
Yet, Bayesian fallibilists
offer arguments, based on their account of rational belief revision, to show that Bayesian full belief does entail dogmatism, and is, therefore, irrational.
So our human judgments possess that odd combination of normativity, fallibility, and possible revisability that distinguishes Lonergan's idea of the absoluteness proper to acts of judgment from both fallibilists
' and the dogmatic naive realists' ideas.(59)
will claim that this doctrine should be rejected because it leads to skepticism.
hold the truth as the regulative idea (Popper, 1979).
We have seen that even fallibilists
like Popper look to agreement (on basic statements) to secure science, and on 'metaphysical research programmes' to understand the tenacity of some research in the face of refutation.
forgiven listing "radical skeptics" (a.k.a., fallibilists
Under pain of exile from the community of fallibilists
, readers are asked to recognize that current understandings of the physical must be incomplete and that surprises are in store.