fascism

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fas·cism

 (făsh′ĭz′əm)
n.
1. often Fascism
a. A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, a capitalist economy subject to stringent governmental controls, violent suppression of the opposition, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
b. A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.
2. Oppressive, dictatorial control.

[Italian fascismo, from fascio, group, from Late Latin fascium, from Latin fascis, bundle.]
Word History: It is fitting that the name of an authoritarian political movement like Fascism, founded in 1919 by Benito Mussolini, should come from the name of a symbol of authority. The Italian name of the movement, fascismo, is derived from fascio, "bundle, (political) group," but also refers to the movement's emblem, the fasces, a bundle of rods bound around a projecting axe-head that was carried before an ancient Roman magistrate by an attendant as a symbol of authority and power. The name of Mussolini's group of revolutionaries was soon used for similar nationalistic movements in other countries that sought to gain power through violence and ruthlessness, such as National Socialism.

fascism

(ˈfæʃɪzəm)
n (sometimes capital)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any ideology or movement inspired by Italian Fascism, such as German National Socialism; any right-wing nationalist ideology or movement with an authoritarian and hierarchical structure that is fundamentally opposed to democracy and liberalism
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any ideology, movement, programme, tendency, etc, that may be characterized as right-wing, chauvinist, authoritarian, etc
3. prejudice in relation to the subject specified: body fascism.
[C20: from Italian fascismo, from fascio political group, from Latin fascis bundle; see fasces]

Fascism

(ˈfæʃɪzəm)
n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the political movement, doctrine, system, or regime of Benito Mussolini in Italy, which encouraged militarism and nationalism, organizing the country along hierarchical authoritarian lines

fas•cism

(ˈfæʃ ɪz əm)

n.
1. (sometimes cap.) a totalitarian governmental system led by a dictator and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism, militarism, and often racism.
2. (sometimes cap.) the philosophy, principles, or methods of fascism.
3. (cap.) a movement toward or embodying fascism, esp. the one established by Mussolini in Italy 1922–43.
[1915–20; < Italian fascismo, derivative of fasc(io) bundle, group; see fasces]

Fascism


the principles and practices of people who worked to dissolve Hitler’s dictatorship and fascism.
a member of the German-American Volksbund, a U.S. pro-Nazi organization of the 1930s and 1940s. — Bund, n.
the doctrines of the Falange, the fascist party of Spain. — Falangist, n.
1. the tenets of a centralized totalitarian and nationalistic government that strictly controls finance, industry, and commerce, practices rigid censorship and racism, and eliminates opposition through secret police.
2. such a form of government, as that of Italy under Mussolini. — fascist, n. — fascistic, adj.
the tenets of German fascism as developed by Adolf Hitler; Nazism. — Hitlerite, n., adj.
the German form of fascism, especially that of the National Socialist (German: Nazionalsozialist) Workers’ party under Adolf Hitler. — Nazi, n., adj.
the post-World War II rise of a movement whose principal aim is to incorporate the doctrines of fascism into existing political systems. — Neo-Facist, n.
a method of revolution or overthrow involving secret planning, suddenness, and speed, as Hitler’s 1938 invasion of Austria. — putschist, n.
a member of the Belgian pro-fascist party of the 1930s.

fascism

1. A right-wing militarist, nationalist and authoritarian regime, such as that founded by Mussolini 1919 and inspiring, among others, the German Nazi Party.
2. A form of government in which a dictator rules, opposition is suppressed, the economy is centrally controlled, and extreme nationalistic policies are pursued.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fascism - a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)fascism - a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
ideology, political orientation, political theory - an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
national socialism, Naziism, Nazism - a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader

Fascism

noun (sometimes not cap.) authoritarianism, dictatorship, totalitarianism, despotism, autocracy, absolutism, Hitlerism The military threat of Fascism had been eliminated.
Translations
الفاشِيَّـه، الفاشِسْتِيَّه
fašismus
fascisme
fasismi
fasizmus
fasisme
fasismi
fašistinisfašizmas
fašisms
fašizmus

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzəm] Nfascismo m

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzəm] n (= political system) → fascisme m anti-fascism

fascism

nFaschismus m

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzm] nfascismo

Fascism

(ˈfӕʃizəm) noun
a nationalistic and anti-Communist system of government like that of Italy 1922-43, where all aspects of society are controlled by the state and all criticism or opposition is suppressed.
ˈfascist
(also with capital) adjective.
References in classic literature ?
.and I thank the millions of men and women whose steadfastness and sacrifice triumphed over depression, fascism and communism.
Fictions of Youth: Pier Paolo Pasolini, Adolescence, Fascisms
Themes such as fascist fathers and rebellious children are considered within the social-political context of Italian fascism during the 1940s-1970s, the impact of fascism on young people in Italy, and the role of youth in rebellion, innovation, and idealism.
Rather than trying to correct other views of German Jewish literary critic and philosopher Benjamin (1892-1940), Polsky strives to work with him to devise a new set of political coordinates that are viable for the current thinking about contemporary fascism. In particular, she surveys his contributions to a thinking of fascism from within the boundaries of his experience and time, and expands it to provide a means for detecting the fascisms in our own bodies and our own times.
This book is an excellent comprehensive survey of both interwar and postwar fascisms in Italy, Germany, France, and Great Britain.
But it was only in the 1930s that fascisms most crucial ingredients - the experience of war, worldwide depression and the appearance of Nazism - all came together.(20)
Gregor, Reflections on Italian Fascism, An Interview with Antonio Messina.
My work, which became a doctoral thesis at the University of Wisconsin and then a book, Universal Fascism (1972), had to do with the efforts to create a fascist "international," mostly in the years before Hitler seized power in Germany in 1933.
As such, Militant Anti-Fascism might be of particular interest and value to today's anti-fascist activists, placing their struggle within a historical context of smashing fascism wherever it raises its ugly head.
Avant-Garde Fascism: The Mobilization of Myth, Art, and Culture in France, 1909-1939, by Mark Antliff.
Not surprisingly, the relationship of extreme Right to fascism informs many of the essays in this collection.
At a time when most of Western and West Central Europe is ruled by left of centre governments, it might seem ironic to speak of the 'return of fascism'.