fat embolism


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Noun1.fat embolism - serious condition in which fat blocks an artery; fat can enter the blood stream after a long bone is fractured or if adipose tissue is injured or as a result of a fatty liver
embolism - occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle)
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A post-mortem examination showed the 49-year-old, from Hockley, died after suffering a "fat embolism" despite CPR and advanced life support treatment at a clinic in Budapest on March 19.
Fat embolism (FE) is most recognizable after orthopedic trauma, with the highest incidence for at-risk fractures (closed long-bone fractures of the lower extremities, particularly of the femur).
Fat embolism syndrome is most commonly associated with long bone and pelvic fractures (bone marrow has high fat content), but it can also arise from soft tissue trauma without fracture and from a variety of other nontraumatic and nonorthopedic traumatic causes, including, but not limited to, pancreatitis, sickle or thalassemia-related hemoglobinopathies, alcoholic (fatty) liver disease, renal angiomyolipoma invasion of the inferior vena cava, bone tumor lysis, steroid therapy, and notably, liposuction.
The histopathological exam conducted by Monzon, a medico legal officer from the Philippine National Police Crime Laboratory, showed that the victim died from massive pulmonary fat embolism.
Krieger, "Silicone embolism syndrome: a case report, review of the literature, and comparison with fat embolism syndrome," CHEST, vol.
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) refers to the classical triad of respiratory distress, neurological impairment, and petechial rash that occur when fat microglobules enter the systemic circulation.
A recent systematic review specifically looking at the few published case reports about Fat Embolism Syndrome in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy found that 7 out of the 16 (44%) children died [12].
Veeckmans et al., "Early diagnosis of cerebral fat embolism syndrome by diffusionweighted MRI (starfield pattern)," Stroke, vol.
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) consists of respiratory manifestations, cerebral symptoms, and cutaneous petechiae as a result of fat emboli causing tissue damage through vascular occlusion, ischemia, and activation of coagulation and systemic inflammatory response [1, 2].
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurs when fat molecules travel to and block the small vessels of the lung and other parts of the body, causing damage to the brain and leading to respiratory failure.
According to researchers, the condition, known as fat embolism syndrome (FES), is a rare but very serious complication, in which fat travels through the body and blocks blood vessels, but it is notoriously difficult to recognise and diagnose.
Since 1982 (4) James has been proposing fat embolism as the mechanism.