favela


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fa·ve·la

 (fə-vĕl′ə)
n.
A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil.

[Brazilian Portuguese, after the Morro da Favela, a ramshackle housing area constructed on a hill in Rio de Janeiro in 1897 by impoverished soldiers returning from the suppression of a separatist movement in northeast Brazil, after the Morro da Favela, literally, "hill of the favela," a hill in northeast Brazil fortified by the soldiers during the conflict, from favela, the Brazilian shrub Cnidoscolus quercifolius of the spurge family bearing seeds resembling fava beans, from diminutive of Portuguese fava, fava bean, from Latin faba; see bha-bhā in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

favela

(fɑːˈveɪlə)
n
(in Brazil) a shanty or shantytown
[C20: from Portuguese]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

fa•ve•la

(fəˈvɛl ə)

n., pl. -las.
a shantytown in or near a city in Brazil.
[1945–50; < Brazilian Portuguese]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

favela

A Portuguese word meaning shantytown, used especially in Brazil.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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References in periodicals archive ?
In many of the sprawling shanty towns where they rule the gangs have shut or demolished religious temples and painted over images of Catholic saints - considered blasphemous to evangelicals - on favela walls.
Nascida em uma familia de migrantes do Nordeste, Marielle foi criada na Favela da Mare, bairro do Rio de Janeiro onde moram atualmente 140 mil pessoas (Censo 2010).
Calculating and counting involvement reveals itself to be like a radar of the maneuvers undertaken by subalternized subjects to try to break down the ever-moving barriers posed by the legal-illegal, formal-informal control devices that they encounter on the path taken in the favela and between the favela and the asfalto (literally meaning asphalt, referring to areas of the city outside the favela).
Soldiers backed by armoured vehicles, aircraft and heavy engineering equipment, clear a road blockade as they take part in an operation in the violence-plagued favela of Vila Kennedy, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, yesterday.
Be part of this constant music evolution at Favela Club on Saturday and be prepared to give your night sleep a miss.
Considerando o deficit habitacional como um dos maiores problemas urbanos do Brasil, e que de acordo com o IBGE (2010), mais de 11 milhoes de pessoas residem em nucleos perifericos, neste artigo temos por finalidade mostrar como o direito a moradia pode ser efetivado na favela por meio do processo de urbanizacao.