Main sources for difference are an image noise for DIC and the simplification for FEM.
However, comparing values obtained through extensometers shows, that FEM model is accurate enough.
The aim of this article is to introduce a new method of predicting the compression creep behavior of wood by FEM.
The compression creep behavior of beech in different directions was studied as an example.
Both the advancing additive and electronic industries are embracing the FEM.
Bjorn Sjodin, VP of product management at COMSOL, said: 'Additive manufacturing is a strong trend and we have plenty of users in this area.
Caption: Figure 4: The von Mises stress for the case of X-IGA, X-FEM, and FEM.
Their method inherits the mesh distortion insensitivity of mesh-free methods and the accuracy of the FEM.
After the theoretical aspects of S-FEM were clarified and its properties were confirmed by numerical experiments , the concept of smoothing was extended to formulate a series ofsmoothed FEM models such as the node-based S-FEM (NS-FEM) [31, 32], the alpha-FEM (a-FEM) , the edge-based S-FEM (ES-FEM) [34, 35], and the face-based S-FEM (FS-FEM) .
Figure 6 presents a plot of the absolute error that resulted from the FEM.
A comparison between the absolute errors obtained from the FEM and the FDM solutions can be seen in Figure 7.
The mechanical properties of the concrete and reinforcing steel were obtained from laboratory tested specimens, and functioned as input to the FEM.
The Visual Basic language  was used to generate the program algorithms.
Figure 7 represents the magnitude of the optical properties such as absorption and scattering coefficient for FEM.
The following will discuss the computational complexity of DDM for FEM.
Since FETI-DP DDMs have a more stable convergence speed for the iterative solution to the final interface matrix equation than SDDMs, we will focus on the estimation of computational complexity of FETI-DP DDM.
Advanced multi-scale progressive failure analysis (MS-PFA) methods are used to determine the entire 3-D printing process at two levels: material characterization and qualification of randomly distributed chopped fiber without the use of finite element modeling (FEM), and structural MS-PFA that simulates the 3-D printing process, enhancing commercial FEM.
The software offers an in-depth study of crack and damage formations that may occur during the manufacturing process, with the ability to generate the model directly from the printer G-Code/STL file and simulate the printing process considering material and production defects and uncertainties.
Apparently, -es is, just like -ster, a VI that potentially realizes FEM.
The VI's -es and -ster, both realizing FEM, should then be in complementary distribution.