Mike Billingham, feoffee
and governor; Richard Butler, CBI director - West Midlands.
De este modo, dejo de ser la propietaria legal de los bienes que le hubiesen sido confiados para su administracion como feoffee
(= trustee) por un fiel cristiano settlor y adopto la posicion de beneficiaria, cestui que use.
to uses de la temprana ley inglesa corresponde punto por punto al Salman de la ley germanica temprana, como ya describio Beseler hace cincuenta anos.
The transferee or feoffee
was the equivalent of the trustee.
The use was a form of land trust that "entailed the transfer of legal title (enfeoffment) to a person who was to hold the property (the feoffee
to uses) for the benefit of another (the cestui que use)." (47) Fiduciary concepts were subsequently developed and extended by courts of equity that supervised trust and "quasi-trust" relationships.
One ostensible aspect is that this concentration of office holding within kinships might have been more common before 1630 and particularly associated with the feoffees
of the "trust." Every feoffee
except one obtained the office of bridgemaster in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and, in years not serving themselves, they seem to have appointed kin.
In the medieval world it thus made no sense to anthropomorphize a territorial unit that could one day be ruled by a prince from Aragon and the next by a Burgundian duke; a territorial unit that might be the fiefdom of a ruler who, in a different territorial setting, was the feoffor of the very prince of which he was feoffee
in the former.
If a landholder feared that, for whatever reason, his estate was in danger of being seized by his feudal lord or by the crown, he could first convey his estate to a trusted friend (technically a feoffee
) and then designate another party, usually the children or family members who would be dispossessed, as the beneficiary of the use (technically a cestui que use).
BEEBEE (Hindustani name for a lady), EEECE ('yes'--edd), DEEDEED, FEFFEE (feoffee
), GEGGEE, HEHEHEH, EJJE, KEEKEE (a parasitic plant), ELEELE (a village in Hawaii), MEMMEM, ENEENE, EPEEPE, EQE, EREERE (Fiji), SEESEES (partridges), TEETEE (the diving petrel in New Zealand), EEEEVE (the Hawaiian bird 'iiwi'), WEEWEE, XEXEX, EEZZEE
The modern trust has its origin in the medieval English device of the "use," under which a feoffor gave legal title to property to a "feoffee
to uses," for the benefit of the feoffor or a third party (the "cestui que use").
Modern English and American trust doctrines can be traced back to the English use: a general trust concept that "entailed the transfer of legal title (enfeoffment) to a person who was to hold the property (the feoffee
to uses) for the benefit of another (the cestui que use)." (10) The use, similar to trust concepts in other societies, developed as an equitable response to positive-law deficiencies and a restrictive English common law of property.
The Chancellor did not interfere with the legal title of the feoffee