Esta influencia medieval ha sido puesta de relieve por Hayton y Marshall para quienes "the trust derives from the mediaeval practice of a" feoffor
conveying a legal statute in land to a "feoffe to uses to hold it to the use of a "cestui que use" (66)".
El terrateniente que hacia la transmision se llamaba feoffor
, los que la recibian se llamaban feoffees to use o simplemente feoffees; el beneficiario se llamaba cestui que use [cestui a que use le feoffment fuit fait].
The transferor, known as the feoffor
, was the equivalent of what we now call the settlor of a trust.
The modern trust has its origin in the medieval English device of the "use," under which a feoffor
gave legal title to property to a "feoffee to uses," for the benefit of the feoffor
or a third party (the "cestui que use").
(49.) Common law procedure "was virtually useless" for investigating "matters like secret instructions given by a feoffor
to his feoffees to uses." Fratcher, International Encyclopedia, supra note 19, [sections] 10, at 13; see also 4 Holdsworth, supra note 33, at 418-19.