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from St. Matthew Passion (1729) by
Johann Sebastian Bach
1. The prolongation of a tone, chord, or rest beyond its indicated time value.
2. The sign indicating this prolongation.
[Italian, from feminine past participle of fermare, to stop, from Latin firmāre, to make firm, from firmus, firm; see dher- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
n, pl -tas or -te (-tɪ)
(Music, other) music another word for pause5
[from Italian, from fermare to stop, from Latin firmāre to establish; see firm1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., pl. -tas, -te (-tā). Music.
1. the sustaining of a note, chord, or rest for a duration longer than the indicated time value.
2. the symbol placed over a note, chord, or rest indicating a fermata.
[1875–80; < Italian: stop, pause, n. use of feminine past participle of fermare to stop < Latin firmāre to make firm]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||fermata - a musical notation (over a note or chord or rest) that indicates it is to be prolonged by an unspecified amount|
musical notation - (music) notation used by musicians
|2.||fermata - (music) a prolongation of unspecified length on a note or chord or rest|
protraction, lengthiness, prolongation, continuation - the consequence of being lengthened in duration
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
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