fertilization


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to fertilization: conception

fer·til·i·za·tion

 (fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
n.
1. The act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination.
2. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
3. The act or process of applying a fertilizer.

fer′til·i·za′tion·al adj.

fertilization

(ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən) or

fertilisation

n
1. (Biology) the union of male and female gametes, during sexual reproduction, to form a zygote
2. (Biology) the act or process of fertilizing
3. (Biology) the state of being fertilized

fer•ti•li•za•tion

(ˌfɜr tl əˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. an act, process, or instance of fertilizing.
2. the state of being fertilized.
3. the union of male and female gametic nuclei.
4. the enrichment of soil, as for the production of crops.
[1855–60]
fer`ti•li•za′tion•al, adj.

fer·til·i·za·tion

(fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
1. The process by which a female reproductive cell becomes capable of developing into a complete organism by union with a male reproductive cell. In many animals, such as mammals, fertilization occurs inside the body of the female. In fish, eggs are fertilized in the water. In plants, eggs are fertilized inside the parent plant. See Note at pollination.
2. The process of making soil more productive of plant growth, as by the addition of organic material or fertilizer.

fertilize verb

fertilization

1. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
2. (or conception) The joining of a sperm with an ovum.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametesfertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
conception, creation - the event that occurred at the beginning of something; "from its creation the plan was doomed to failure"
pollenation, pollination - transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
cross-fertilisation, cross-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from different individual of the same species
self-fertilisation, self-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from the same individual
superfecundation - fertilization of two or more ova released during the same menstrual cycle by sperm from separate acts of coitus (especially by different males)
superfetation - fertilization of a second ovum after a pregnancy has begun; results in two fetuses of different ages in the uterus at the same time; "superfetation is normal in some animal species"
2.fertilization - making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure
enrichment - act of making fuller or more meaningful or rewarding
top dressing - a layer of fertilizer or manure not plowed in

fertilization

noun
1. insemination, propagation, procreation, implantation, pollination, impregnation from fertilization until birth is about 266 days
2. manuring, mulching, top dressing, dressing soil testing and fertilization
Translations
oplodněnípohnojenízúrodnění
befrugtninggødning
megtermékenyítéstermékenyítés
frjóvgun
oplodneniezúrodnenie
dölle megübreleme

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] Nfecundación f, fertilización f

fertilization

[ˌfɜːrtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] fertilisation (British) n [egg] → fécondation f

fertilization

nBefruchtung f; (of soil)Düngung f

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃn] n (see vb) → fecondazione f, fertilizzazione f

fertile

(ˈfəːtail) adjective
1. producing a lot. fertile fields; a fertile mind/imagination.
2. able to produce fruit, children, young animals etc. fertile seed.
ferˈtility (-ˈti-) noun
the state or condition of being fertile.
fertilize, fertilise (-ti-) verb
to make fertile. He fertilized his fields with manure; An egg must be fertilized before it can develop.
ˌfertiliˈzation, ˌfertiliˈsation noun
ˈfertilizer, ˈfertiliser (-ti-) noun
a substance (manure, chemicals etc) used to make land (more) fertile.

fer·til·i·za·tion

n. fertilización, fecundación.

fertilization

n fecundación f; in vitro — (IVF) fecundación in vitro (FIV)
References in classic literature ?
Amid the oozing fatness and warm ferments of the Froom Vale, at a season when the rush of juices could almost be heard below the hiss of fertilization, it was impossible that the most fanciful love should not grow passionate.
They were flowing for the fertilization of the land where grapes are gathered from thorns, and figs from thistles.
Lloyd's discovery of the "death bacillus" of the sea toad, and his experiments on it with potassium cyanide, sent his name and that of his university ringing round the world; nor was Paul a whit behind when he succeeded in producing laboratory colloids exhibiting amoeba-like activities, and when he cast new light upon the processes of fertilization through his startling experiments with simple sodium chlorides and magnesium solutions on low forms of marine life.
Cuomo today announced new actions to improve access to in vitro fertilization and fertility preservation services.
In this context, official recommendations for fertilization of irrigated rice are being updated according to the evolution of the production potential of varieties.
IVF stands for in-vitro-fertilization and refers to artificial fertilization for people that want to have a baby but are having difficulty getting pregnant.
Results of our long-term experiments proved that the yield of winter wheat was influenced both by the fertilization and the crop rotation.
Objective: To identify predictors of fertilization rate in patients of unexplained infertility after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Most studies use sperm motility as a parameter for sperm quality, but, according to Bobe & Labbe (2010), only the success of fertilization allows to prove accurately the quality of sperm and oocyte.
Background: Generally, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be the preferable method to treat partial globozoospermia, but whether there exist some correlations between ICSI fertilization rate and the proportion of round-headed sperm or morphologically normal sperm remains open.
Simpson') were grown for 10 weeks during winter under greenhouse to investigate the possibility of replacing the supplemental nitrogen (N) fertilization by using Amino16(R).