fertilization

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fer·til·i·za·tion

 (fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
n.
1. The act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination.
2. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
3. The act or process of applying a fertilizer.

fer′til·i·za′tion·al adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fertilization

(ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən) or

fertilisation

n
1. (Biology) the union of male and female gametes, during sexual reproduction, to form a zygote
2. (Biology) the act or process of fertilizing
3. (Biology) the state of being fertilized
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

fer•ti•li•za•tion

(ˌfɜr tl əˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. an act, process, or instance of fertilizing.
2. the state of being fertilized.
3. the union of male and female gametic nuclei.
4. the enrichment of soil, as for the production of crops.
[1855–60]
fer`ti•li•za′tion•al, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

fer·til·i·za·tion

(fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
1. The process by which a female reproductive cell becomes capable of developing into a complete organism by union with a male reproductive cell. In many animals, such as mammals, fertilization occurs inside the body of the female. In fish, eggs are fertilized in the water. In plants, eggs are fertilized inside the parent plant. See Note at pollination.
2. The process of making soil more productive of plant growth, as by the addition of organic material or fertilizer.

fertilize verb
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fertilization

1. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
2. (or conception) The joining of a sperm with an ovum.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametesfertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
conception, creation - the event that occurred at the beginning of something; "from its creation the plan was doomed to failure"
pollenation, pollination - transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
cross-fertilisation, cross-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from different individual of the same species
self-fertilisation, self-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from the same individual
superfecundation - fertilization of two or more ova released during the same menstrual cycle by sperm from separate acts of coitus (especially by different males)
superfetation - fertilization of a second ovum after a pregnancy has begun; results in two fetuses of different ages in the uterus at the same time; "superfetation is normal in some animal species"
2.fertilization - making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure
enrichment - act of making fuller or more meaningful or rewarding
top dressing - a layer of fertilizer or manure not plowed in
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

fertilization

noun
1. insemination, propagation, procreation, implantation, pollination, impregnation from fertilization until birth is about 266 days
2. manuring, mulching, top dressing, dressing soil testing and fertilization
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
oplodněnípohnojenízúrodnění
befrugtninggødning
megtermékenyítéstermékenyítés
frjóvgun
oplodneniezúrodnenie
dölle megübreleme

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] Nfecundación f, fertilización f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

fertilization

[ˌfɜːrtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] fertilisation (British) n [egg] → fécondation f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

fertilization

nBefruchtung f; (of soil)Düngung f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃn] n (see vb) → fecondazione f, fertilizzazione f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

fertile

(ˈfəːtail) adjective
1. producing a lot. fertile fields; a fertile mind/imagination.
2. able to produce fruit, children, young animals etc. fertile seed.
ferˈtility (-ˈti-) noun
the state or condition of being fertile.
fertilize, fertilise (-ti-) verb
to make fertile. He fertilized his fields with manure; An egg must be fertilized before it can develop.
ˌfertiliˈzation, ˌfertiliˈsation noun
ˈfertilizer, ˈfertiliser (-ti-) noun
a substance (manure, chemicals etc) used to make land (more) fertile.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

fer·til·i·za·tion

n. fertilización, fecundación.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

fertilization

n fecundación f; in vitro — (IVF) fecundación in vitro (FIV)
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Amid the oozing fatness and warm ferments of the Froom Vale, at a season when the rush of juices could almost be heard below the hiss of fertilization, it was impossible that the most fanciful love should not grow passionate.
They were flowing for the fertilization of the land where grapes are gathered from thorns, and figs from thistles.
Lloyd's discovery of the "death bacillus" of the sea toad, and his experiments on it with potassium cyanide, sent his name and that of his university ringing round the world; nor was Paul a whit behind when he succeeded in producing laboratory colloids exhibiting amoeba-like activities, and when he cast new light upon the processes of fertilization through his startling experiments with simple sodium chlorides and magnesium solutions on low forms of marine life.
virginica populations and responsible for the differential fertilization capacity found here when males from allopatric populations competed experimentally for fertilizations.
If fertilizations are done in shallow coastal waters, a dense layer of phytoplankton clouding the top 30 meters or so of the ocean could hinder corals, kelp, or other deeper sea life from carrying out photosynthesis.
Male reproductive success in sessile invertebrates: Competition for fertilizations. Ecology 75:2151-2167.
Except where otherwise indicated, all fertilizations were carried out using sperm concentrations of approximately 1 x [10.sup.6] sperm [ml.sup.-1], a choice based on results presented below for fertilization success at different sperm concentrations; and all experiments were conducted using 40-ml seawater suspensions in glass bowls, with three replicates per treatment unless otherwise noted.
Based on analysis of variance results (Table 7), there are evident highly significant differences in test weight between years, and insignificant between fertilizations. Dual interaction of test weight and year x fertilization, did not show statistical significance (p > 0.05).
The recommendation of nitrogen fertilizations in cover aiming to increase its efficiency has become routine practice in the fertilization management of the rice crop.
P fertilizations additionally improved the seed and oil yield when applied up to 60 kg P ha-1 (Reddy et al., 1997; Tamak et al., 1997).
There were significant interactions (p < 0.05) between the planting spacings and the chemical fertilizations in the period comprehended between 90 and 390 DAP, for plant height, number of cladodes per plant and CAI (Table 1).
The two species occasionally hybridize in the wild, but since hybrid offspring become reproductive dead-ends, females of both species are under selection to avoid hybrid fertilizations, and instead promote external fertilization by their own species' sperm.