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a. fibromuscular, de naturaleza muscular y fibrosa;
___ dysplasiadisplasia ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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Atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia are the major causes of renal artery stenosis.
Investigations for fibromuscular dysplasia, thyrotoxicosis, HIV and pregnancy were all negative.
The vaginal epithelium was dissected off of the underlying fibromuscular connective tissue to create a U-flap.
Risk factors associated with the development of TRAAs are fibromuscular dysplasia, atherosclerosis, and vasculitis such as Marfan syndrome, Takayasu, or Behcet disease (6).
DAs of the ICA can occur spontaneously or in association with various etiological factors including craniomaxillofacial trauma, head and neck surgeries, hyperextension or hyperflexion of the neck, fibromuscular dysplasia, and connective tissue disorders such as Ehlers-Danlos and Marfan syndromes.
During evaluating for ACD, we should differentiate several entities including PA aneurysm, PA entrapment, peripheral artery disease, Baker's cyst, and fibromuscular dysplasia.[3],[4] For this, magnetic resonance angiography and CTA are helpful as in our case.[2],[3],[4]
further contributed that necrosis, luminal narrowing, fibrosis, loss of medial elastic fibres or smooth muscle and fibromuscular hyperplasia may also be evident.
Other causes like aortic dissection8, fibromuscular dysplasia9, post radiation vasculopathy10 can also present like transient cerebral arteriopathy (TCA).
While in 30 per cent cases, physical stress (in 10 per cent this was lifting more than 23 kg) occurred before SCAD, the most common predisposing condition was fibromuscular dysplasia (40 per cent) which causes abnormal cell development in the arteries and can lead to narrowing (stenosis), aneurysms, or tears (dissections).
Less frequent causes of exclusion included arterial aneurysms (n = 2), fibromuscular dysplasia (n = 1), atherosclerotic plaque at renal arterial ostium (n = 1), multiple renal artery aneurysms suggesting polyarteritis nodosa (n = 1), arterio-venous malformation (n = 1), and duplicated inferior vena cava (n = 1).