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a. The category of literature, drama, film, or other creative work whose content is imagined and is not necessarily based on fact.
b. Works in this category: the fiction of Virginia Woolf.
c. A work within this category: the shorter fictions of Faulkner.
a. Narrative, explanatory material, or belief that is not true or has been imagined or fabricated: The notion that he was at the scene of the crime is pure fiction.
b. A narrative, explanation, or belief that may seem true but is false or fabricated: "Neutrality is a fiction in an unneutral world" (Howard Zinn).
3. Law A verbal contrivance that is in some sense inaccurate but that accomplishes a purpose, as in the treatment of husband and wife as one person or a corporation as an entity.

[Middle English ficcioun, from Old French fiction, from Latin fictiō, fictiōn-, from fictus, past participle of fingere, to form; see dheigh- in Indo-European roots.]

fic′tion·al adj.
fic′tion·al′i·ty (-shə-năl′ĭ-tē) n.
fic′tion·al·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the quality of being fictional
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The study examines fictionality, emotionality, and dramatization in fiction and non-fiction, assesses presented discourse corpus data, and identifies the fictionalized reader as a fictional actant created using discourse presentation.
Nor is the idea that new medical technology might soon be able to "solve death"--or, at least, its outlandish fictionality is very much of the present.
Furthermore, he also takes into consideration three criteria: fictionality, intertextuality, and reception, following the work of Loprieno (1996).
While insisting on the greater flexibility of nonreferential characters as crucial to the rise of fictionality, Gallagher herself also describes the very generality that allows readers to identify with them more freely as "the burden of type," meaning that these characters are often still associated with a type previously seen and with the conventions that go along with it.
Drawing upon the Genettian concept of the narrative metalepsis to perform a structural analysis of Patrick Senecal's metaleptic novel Aliss, I show in this article how a writing technique that plays on the transgression of ontological levels is the perfect instrument for a genre that plays on its own fictionality. In the first section, I explain how, in fantastic fiction, the feeling of the uncanny taken in its Freudian understanding works with Genette's narrative metalepsis.
Ghosh's fiction, due to the advantages open to it because of its very fictionality can imagine borderless blend of share and care, a blend which the material reality of our times demand so hungrily.
As the author explains, this movie is "another obvious candidate for such an analysis because of its layered yet interacting levels of fictionality and narration, but even more interestingly because music is involved in breaking up that layering, and thereby contributes the film's discourse on media manipulation" (p.
Keelan explains that "the trobairitz were very aware of the essential fictionality of their subjective position," and an important sign of this self-awareness is the intensity and reflexivity with which they inhabit the formal world and structure of their poems.