fideism

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fi·de·ism

 (fē′dā-ĭz-əm, fī′dē-)
n.
Reliance on faith alone rather than scientific reasoning or philosophy in questions of religion.

[Probably from French fidéïsme, from Latin fidēs, faith; see bheidh- in Indo-European roots.]

fi′de·ist n.
fi′de·is′tic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fideism

(ˈfiːdeɪˌɪzəm)
n
(Theology) the theological doctrine that religious truth is a matter of faith and cannot be established by reason. Compare natural theology
[C19: from Latin fidēs faith]
ˈfideist n
ˌfideˈistic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

fi•de•ism

(ˈfi deɪˌɪz əm, ˈfaɪ di-)

n.
exclusive reliance in religious matters upon faith, with consequent rejection of appeals to science or philosophy.
[1880–85; (< French fidéisme) < Latin fide-, s. of fidēs faith + -ism]
fi′de•ist, n.
fi`de•is′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

fideism

a reliance, in a search for religious truth, on faith alone. — fideist, n. — fideistic. adj.
See also: Faith
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The consensus was that his understanding of the theological project simultaneously denuded it of objectivity by founding it on the shifting sands of personal experience, while rendering it authoritarian and fideistic through the institutionalization of what amounted to an oracular magisterium.
Among their topics are between philosophical optimism and fideistic scepticism: an overview of medieval Jewish philosophy, scepticism at the service of revelation: preliminary observations on logic and epistemology in Judah Halevi's Kuzari, the passion for metaphysics in Maimonides' thought, scepticism and anti-scepticism: the case of Maimonides, the sceptical exegesis of Maimonides and his followers, and the origin of the world: an anti-sceptical approach in medieval Jewish Averroism.
By contrast, Cristopner Crosbie maintains that this play does not negotiate epistemology, but rather engages Aristotelian ontology and the metaphysics of haecceity or 'thisness." He holds that while the play entertains a fundamentally nominalist picture, the community of Ephesus ultimately agrees to put faith in a stable realist metaphysics, although "the play does this by showing how an otherwise compromised nominalist epistemology, when distributed across a network of likeminded people, can facilitate the fideistic leap to this realistic metaphysic, even while masking the fideism intrinsic to such an approach"; "The Comedy of Errors, Haecceity, and the Metaphysics of Individuation," in Renaissance Papers, ed.
A strong attention and commitment to reason is also important because, absent such a commitment, there is a strong risk that a religion will remain or become fideistic or lapse into fideism--the idea that religious faith is somehow independent of reason, and/or that faith and reason are somehow inherently hostile to each other, and/or that faith and religious precepts and their implementation do not require explanation to either believers in the faith or those who do not believe in that religion.
This paper solves a puzzle generated by three conflicting claims about the relationship among faith, belief, and control: according to (1) the identity thesis, faith is a type of belief; and according to (2) fideistic voluntarism, we sometimes have control over whether or not we have faith; but according to (3) doxastic involuntarism, we never have control over what we believe.
Blaise Pascal was a French fideistic philosopher who proposed a wager to his colleagues who did not believe in God.
Second, of course none of these considerations in themselves entail theism or the deification of necessarily existing reality, hence the need for the ontological or some other theistic argument or for fideistic commitment in order to defend the reasonableness of theistic belief.
The Erasmian tradition of interpreting Homer as an eirenic and fideistic skeptic is developed in chapter two with respect to its parodic and, at times, ludic implications.
(53) It is an ethical stance independent of fideistic, philosophical, and even sdentine constructions, in which Montale had little faith, as he observes in an interview shortly after the book's publication.
Given the fearsome crags and thin air of this fideistic territory, it should come as no surprise that Wiman claims "art is ...
Religious Jews have been compelled either to retreat to a fideistic dogmatism which ignores modern scholarship, or to seek a new rationale for their theological commitments.
Nevertheless, believing for the religionist may take the form of an idiosyncratic spirituality where it is what the individual says it is (e.g., the individual maintains that faith is a miracle or a gift from God; the individual ignores reason or understanding altogether holding to a fideistic view; the individual's belief is a personal decision to not reason or understand; or, in the extreme, the individual's believing is characterized by Kierkegaard's (116) Existentialist Philosophy of Faith--a leap of faith by virtue of the absurd).