fifth


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

fifth

 (fĭfth, fĭth)
n.
1. The ordinal number matching the number five in a series.
2. One of five equal parts.
3. One fifth of a gallon or four fifths of a quart of liquor.
4. Music
a. A tone five degrees above or below a given tone in a diatonic scale.
b. The interval between two such tones.
c. The harmonic combination of two such tones.
d. The dominant of a scale or key.
5. Fifth The Fifth Amendment. Used with the.

[Middle English, from Old English fīfta; see penkwe in Indo-European roots.]

fifth adv. & adj.
fifth′ly adv.

fifth

(fɪfθ)
adj (usually prenominal)
a. coming after the fourth in order, position, time, etc. Often written: 5th
b. (as noun): he came on the fifth.
n
1. (Mathematics)
a. one of five equal or nearly equal parts of an object, quantity, measurement, etc
b. (as modifier): a fifth part.
2. (Mathematics) the fraction equal to one divided by five ()
3. (Music, other) music
a. the interval between one note and another five notes away from it counting inclusively along the diatonic scale
b. one of two notes constituting such an interval in relation to the other. See also perfect9, diminished2, interval5
4. (Automotive Engineering) an additional high gear fitted to some motor vehicles
adv
Also: fifthly after the fourth person, position, event, etc
sentence connector
Also: fifthly as the fifth point: linking what follows with the previous statements, as in a speech or argument
[Old English fīfta]

fifth

(fɪfθ or, often, fɪθ)

adj.
1. next after the fourth; being the ordinal number for five.
2. being one of five equal parts.
n.
3. a fifth part, esp. of one (?).
4. the fifth member of a series.
5. a fifth part of a gallon of liquor; ? of a quart (about 750 milliliters).
6.
a. a musical interval encompassing five diatonic degrees.
b. a tone at this interval.
c. the harmonic combination of two tones a fifth apart.
adv.
7. in the fifth place; fifthly.
[before 1000; earlier fift, Middle English fifte, Old English fīfta]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fifth - a quantity of liquor equal to one fifth of a United States gallon
United States liquid unit - a liquid unit officially adopted in the United States Customary System
2.fifth - position five in a countable series of things; "he was fifth out of several hundred runners"
rank - relative status; "his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"
3.fifth - one part in five equal partsfifth - one part in five equal parts  
common fraction, simple fraction - the quotient of two integers
4.fifth - the musical interval between one note and another five notes away from it
musical interval, interval - the difference in pitch between two notes
Adj.1.fifth - coming next after the fourth and just before the sixth in positionfifth - coming next after the fourth and just before the sixth in position
ordinal - being or denoting a numerical order in a series; "ordinal numbers"; "held an ordinal rank of seventh"
Translations
الخامِسخامِسخُمْس
cinquèquintquinta
pátýpětina
femtefemtedel
kvina
viides
peti
ötödikötöd
fimmti
五番目の
다섯 번째의
penktaspenktojipenktapenktadalis
piektāpiektais
cinceacincilea
pätinapiaty
petipetina
femtefemtedel
ลำดับที่ห้า
beşincibeşte biri1/55.nci
thứ năm

fifth

[fɪfθ]
A. ADJquinto
he came fifth in the competitionocupó el quinto lugar or terminó quinto en la competición
in the fifth century (in writing) → en el siglo V; (speaking) → en el siglo quinto or cinco
Henry the Fifth (in writing) → Enrique V; (speaking) → Enrique Quinto
the fifth of July; July the fifthel cinco de julio
fifth form (Brit) (Scol) → quinto m, quinto curso
B. N
1. (in series) → quinto/a m/f
I was the fifth to arriveyo fui el quinto en llegar
I wrote to him on the fifthle escribí el día cinco
see also amendment
2. (= fraction) → quinto m, quinta parte f
3. (Mus) → quinta f
C. CPD fifth column N (Pol) → quinta columna f
fifth columnist N (Pol) → quintacolumnista mf

fifth

[ˈfɪfθ]
adjcinquième
the fifth floor → le cinquième étage
n
the fifth (= day of month) → le cinq
the fifth of August → le cinq août
(= fraction) → cinquième mfifth form nseconde ffifth-grader [ˌfɪfθˈgreɪdər] nélève mf de CM2

fifth

adjfünfte(r, s); fifth ratefünftrangig
nFünfte(r, s); (= part, fraction)Fünftel nt; (Mus) → Quinte f; to take the fifth (US inf) → die Aussage verweigern ? also sixth

fifth

:
fifth column
nfünfte Kolonne
fifth columnist
nAngehörige(r) mfder fünften Kolonne, Kollaborateur(in) m(f)

fifth

[fɪfθ]
1. adjquinto/a
I was (the) fifth to arrive → sono stato il quinto ad arrivare
he came fifth in the competition → è arrivato quinto al concorso, si è piazzato al quinto posto
Henry the Fifth → Enrico Quinto
the fifth of July, July the fifth → il cinque luglio
I wrote to him on the fifth → gli ho scritto il cinque
fifth form (Brit) (Scol) → terzo anno di scuola superiore
2. n (in series) → quinto/a; (fraction) → quinto (Mus) → quinta

fifth

(fifθ) noun
1. one of five equal parts.
2. (also adjective) the last of five (people etc ); the next after the fourth.

fifth

خامِس pátý femte fünfter πέμπτος quinto viides cinquième peti quinto 五番目の 다섯 번째의 vijfde femte piąty quinto пятый femte ลำดับที่ห้า beşinci thứ năm 第五的
References in classic literature ?
This was shown first by the fact that there were no entrenchments there by the twenty fifth and that those begun on the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth were not completed, and secondly, by the position of the Shevardino Redoubt.
The Dragon-boat Festival, held on the fifth day of the fifth moon, was founded in his honour.
Franklin Blake; and, in sending him the fifth chapter of her humble narrative, begs to say that she feels quite unequal to enlarge as she could wish on an event so awful, under the circumstances, as Lady Verinder's death.
answered the peasant: 'but he only says four things, and the fifth he keeps to himself.
The house in itself was already an historic document, though not, of course, as venerable as certain other old family houses in University Place and lower Fifth Avenue.
The first and outermost whorl has the rim broadest, and the seven inner whorls are narrower, in the following proportions-- the sixth is next to the first in size, the fourth next to the sixth; then comes the eighth; the seventh is fifth, the fifth is sixth, the third is seventh, last and eighth comes the second.
And at the half-hour down come the sixth and fifth form boys, and take their places at the tables, which are filled up by the next biggest boys, the rest, for whom there is no room at the table, standing round outside.
Consider what a fifth part of the reading-matter of an American daily paper issued in a city of one hundred and seventy thousand inhabitants amounts to
These form, altogether, the fifth of the enumerated classes of causes proper for the cognizance of the national courts.
Such of later years was the victory of Agincourt obtained by Harry the Fifth, or that of Narva won by Charles the Twelfth of Sweden.
There is also a fifth, which bears a name that is also common to the other four, namely, a state: but as this is seldom to be met with, it has escaped those who have endeavoured to enumerate the different sorts of governments, which [1293b] they fix at four only, as does Plato in his Republic.
First, when used as a fin for progression; Second, when used as a mace in battle; Third, in sweeping; Fourth, in lobtailing; Fifth, in peaking flukes.