fifth disease


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fifth disease

n.
A usually mild disease, primarily of children, that is caused by a parvovirus and is characterized by fever, a prominent, often bright red rash on the cheeks that may spread to the trunk and limbs, and swollen, painful joints. Also called erythema infectiosum.

[From its being fifth in frequency of rash-producing childhood diseases.]

fifth disease

n
(Pathology) a mild infectious disease of childhood, caused by a virus, characterized by fever and a red rash spreading from the cheeks to the limbs and trunk. Also called: slapped-cheek disease Technical name: erythema infectiosum
[C20: from its being among the five most common childhood infections]
References in periodicals archive ?
The East Asian country has reported outbreaks of rubella, syphilis, and fifth disease (Erythema infectiosum).
For example, parvovirus B-19, a common childhood virus responsible for Fifth disease, causes a rash, the classic "slapped-cheek" appearance, and high fevers.
Erythema infectiosum, also known as fifth disease, is a viral exanthem linked to parvovirus B19.
A "slapped cheek" appearance (A) and pink-colored "lazy" reticulated rash (B) are characteristic of fifth disease. Fifth disease also commonly presents with a glove (C) and stocking (D) exanthem.
One month later, she told the same ObGyn that she had been exposed to Fifth disease. Because blood work was positive for parvovirus B19, the ObGyn ordered the patient to undergo US every 2 weeks for the next 10 weeks.
Parvovirus B19 mostly causes anemia, erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), and hydrops fetalis in pregnant women.
Cancer, AIDS, Ebola, West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, anthrax, Asian Bird flu, Fifth disease, MRSA, MERS, etal., are all current "medical crisis" confronting us with fear of their potential destruction of our lives as we know it.
It is also called fifth disease, "slapped cheek" or erythema infectiosum.
Parvovirus, which is common in childhood, is known as fifth disease or slapped-cheek syndrome and causes a blotchy red rash and mild fever.
In the early 1980s, it was demonstrated as an agent of human disease erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) in children, transient aplastic anemia and hydrops fetalis (3-7).
Parvovirus B19 also causes Fifth disease, but there is an important difference, he pointed out.
A common one is slapped cheek syndrome, or Fifth disease, which is caused by the parvovirus.