"It has occurred to me," said Arthur, "as a curious problem in Teleology-- the Science of Final Causes
," he added, in answer to an enquiring look from Lady Muriel.
There is no evidence that either the idea of good or the conception of a perfect State were comprehended in the Socratic teaching, though he certainly dwelt on the nature of the universal and of final causes
Considered, indeed, in relation to the latter, whose mied was matured, she was altogether a mistake, and calculated to shock his trust in final causes
, including the adaptation of fine young women to purplefaced bachelors.
For what every being is in its most perfect state, that certainly is the nature of that being, whether it be a man, a horse, or a house: besides, whatsoever produces the final cause and the end which we
[1253a] desire, must be best; but a government complete in itself is that final cause and what is best.
Browning might say, as his wife said in an early preface, I never mistook pleasure for the final cause
of poetry, nor leisure for the hour of the poet--as indeed he has himself said, to much the same effect, in a letter printed many years ago: I never pretended to offer such literature as should be a substitute for a cigar or a game at dominoes to an idle man."
He might dissect, anatomize, and give names; but, not to speak of a final cause
, causes in their secondary and tertiary grades were utterly unknown to him.
The IDEA of good likewise disappears and is superseded by the conception of a personal God, who works according to a final cause
or principle of goodness which he himself is.
It is now commonly admitted that the more immediate and final cause
of the cuckoo's instinct is, that she lays her eggs, not daily, but at intervals of two or three days; so that, if she were to make her own nest and sit on her own eggs, those first laid would have to be left for some time unincubated, or there would be eggs and young birds of different ages in the same nest.
The Professor's indignation found in itself a final cause
that absolved him from the sin of turning to destruction as the agent of his ambition.
Hence, formal and final causes
got most of their attention.
The premises underlying the Western tradition of this philosophy have their origins in Aristotle's Metaphysics and his theory of final causes
. For a variety of reasons there are increasingly strong critiques that call for greater clarity of the philosophical premises underlying the public healthcare delivery of complementary medicine.