We have found that some forms of immature cognition, such as those described by Piaget (1926) typifying the preoperational period (e.g., animism, "The sun's not out today because it's mad"; finalism
, "The big peak is for long walks, and the small peak is for short walks"), have positive effects on adults' and older adolescents' (14 to 17 years old) perception of children, but not on younger adolescents (10 to 13 years old).
Examples of these statements could include The initiating causes of behavior lie in the environment and remain there and All viewpoints on the concept of innate behavior amount to one thing: predeterminism or finalism
, verging on vitalism (Midgley, 2010).
The individual, forming the second level of technical being, is capable of self-regulation and self-conditioning between its two terms according to what Simondon calls 'recurrent causality' rather than mechanism or finalism
. It is here that Simondon's discussion of the explicitly technical mode of genesis, which he calls concretisation, can be found.
not explain evolution." See "Polanyi's Finalism
and historical determinism keep us from seeing the temporal dynamics specific to the Russian context.
Whereas Frankl's starting point is his objection to determination through biological or psychological mechanisms and his emphasis on freedom and responsibility, on closer examination it becomes obvious that his theory has a deterministic tendency as well, namely finalism
. The peculiarity here is that Frankl's understanding of freedom and meaning incorporates elements of determinism.
Among the topics are the concentration of symbolic resources, theoretical foundations for an analysis of state power, the "house" model against historical finalism
, and a program for a social history of political ideas and the state.
In his view there are characteristics of memory that are also present in histographical work: finalism
, presentism, verisimilitude and representation.
Although he accepts the rationality of the creative process, the Romanian poet rejects, in principle, Poe's rigorous determinism, as well as his finalism
. These belong to a mechanistic vision of the world, and is implicitly, alien to art.
Some scholars argued that it would have disruptive implications for historiographies characterized by a strong sense of finalism
such the Italian tradition [Carmona and Zan, 2002, pp.