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fi·nance(fə-năns′, fī-, fī′năns′)
fi•nance(fɪˈnæns, ˈfaɪ næns)
n., v. -nanced, -nanc•ing. n.
2. the bill so endorsed.
2. the fee paid to effect an exchange of currency. See also agiotage.
2. a handbook listing the exchange values of moneys and the weights and measures of many countries.
2. the condition of a debt when overdue. See also law.
2. the duration of a person’s function as an entrepreneur.
2. a claim made against property so pledged. — hypothecator, n. — hypothecary, adj.
2. the deed pledging the security.
2. the members of the group collectively.
3. each member’s total share or annuity. — tontine, adj.
2. the excessive interest rate charged. — usurer, n. — usurious, adj.
feel the draught See feel a draft, PERCEPTIVENESS.
feel the pinch To sense one’s precarious financial position; to be in a tight spot. In this expression, pinch carries its figurative meaning of an internal twinge of emotional discomfort. The expression most often refers to an economic situation which warrants austerity measures.
grubstake Money advanced in exchange for a share in a venture’s expected return. The term, dating from at least 1863, originally referred to money “staked” to prospectors for “grub” and other provisions in return for a part of the profits from their finds.
The farmer realizes the … plight of the out-of-work who … is left without a grubstake between himself and hunger. (The Atlantic Monthly, March, 1932)
in the black Making a profit; out of debt. This Americanism is so called from the bookkeeping practice of entering profits in black ink. It is synonymous with out of the red.
This time she appeared at the Italian Village, and within two weeks she had pulled it out of the red ink and into the black. (American Mercury, July, 1935)
on a shoestring Dependent upon a very small sum of money; relying on a meager amount of money as capital in a working investment. This colloquial meaning of shoestring has been common in the U.S. since the early part of the century, though precisely how it acquired this sense is unclear. Perhaps shoestring was equivalent to “the cost of a shoestring.”
They accomplished their elegance on a shoestring, too. (Ward County [North Dakota] Independent, July, 1944)
play the papers To gamble. This obsolete Americanism was current in the 19th century.
Poor Kit was in a bad way one hour before we parted. The fact is, you know, he’d bin playin’ the papers (meaning gamblin’) and had lost everything. (De Witt C. Peters, The Life and Adventures of Kit Carson, 1858)
A similar expression with specific reference to horse racing is play the ponies.
prime the pump To attempt to rejuvenate an enterprise by channeling money into it; to try to maintain or stimulate economic activity through government expenditure. A pump is primed or prepared for use by pouring water into it to produce suction. The expression was used figuratively by T. W. Arnold, as cited in Webster’s Third:
This spending has not yet primed the pump.
salt away To save or hold in reserve money or other valuables for future use; to build a nest egg. The figurative meaning of this expression is derived from its literal one, i.e., preserving meat or other perishables by adding salt.
[There is] no one to hinder you from salting away as many millions as you can carry off! (R. W. Chambers, Maids of Paradise, 1902)
sock away To set aside money in a savings account; to save or put money in reserve. This American expression implies that the money is being stowed away for some future investment. It may derive from the days when socks were a common storage receptacle for one’s savings. The phrase appeared in Life, as cited by Webster’s Third:
(He) has socked away very little of his earnings with which to buy a ranch.
Past participle: financed
|Noun||1.||finance - the commercial activity of providing funds and capital|
business enterprise, commercial enterprise, business - the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects; "computers are now widely used in business"
corporate finance - the financial activities of corporation
high finance - large and complex financial transactions (often used with the implication that those individuals or institutions who engage in them are unethical)
investing, investment - the act of investing; laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit
banking - transacting business with a bank; depositing or withdrawing funds or requesting a loan etc.
|2.||finance - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets|
finance - the management of money and credit and banking and investments
economic science, economics, political economy - the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
quaestor - any of several public officials of ancient Rome (usually in charge of finance and administration)
capital account - (finance) an account of the net value of a business at a specified date
accumulation - (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation
long - holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position in gold"
short - not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices; "a short sale"; "short in cotton"
short - without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold; "he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash"
|3.||finance - the management of money and credit and banking and investments|
banking - engaging in the business of keeping money for savings and checking accounts or for exchange or for issuing loans and credit etc.
management, direction - the act of managing something; "he was given overall management of the program"; "is the direction of the economy a function of government?"
finance - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
|Verb||1.||finance - obtain or provide money for; "Can we finance the addition to our home?"|
seed - help (an enterprise) in its early stages of development by providing seed money
back - support financial backing for; "back this enterprise"
refinance - renew the financing of
fund - convert (short-term floating debt) into long-term debt that bears fixed interest and is represented by bonds
pay - give money, usually in exchange for goods or services; "I paid four dollars for this sandwich"; "Pay the waitress, please"
|2.||finance - sell or provide on credit|
credit - accounting: enter as credit; "We credit your account with $100"
(the state of) the country's finances → la situación económica del país
Minister of Finance → Ministro/a m/f de Economía y Hacienda
he stole to finance his drug habit → robaba para costearse su adicción a las drogas
Minister of Finance → Ministro delle Finanze