antibiotic(redirected from first generation antibiotic)
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Related to first generation antibiotic: fourth generation cephalosporin, third generation cephalosporin
A substance, such as penicillin or erythromycin, produced by or derived from certain microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms, especially bacteria. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
1. Of or relating to antibiotics.
2. Of or relating to antibiosis.
3. Destroying life or preventing the inception or continuance of life.
(Pharmacology) any of various chemical substances, such as penicillin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline, produced by various microorganisms, esp fungi, or made synthetically and capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, esp bacteria
(Pharmacology) of or relating to antibiotics
an•ti•bi•ot•ic(ˌæn tɪ baɪˈɒt ɪk, -bi-, ˌæn ti-, -taɪ-)
1. any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin and streptomycin, that are produced by various microorganisms and fungi, have the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, and are used in the treatment of infectious diseases.adj.
2. of or involving antibiotics.
A substance, such as penicillin, that is capable of destroying or weakening certain microorganisms, especially disease-causing bacteria or fungi. Antibiotics are obtained from other microorganisms, especially molds.
A drug given to combat or prevent infection by destroying bacteria in the body.
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|Noun||1.||antibiotic - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"|
actinomycin - any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria
amphotericin - an antibiotic and antifungal agent
antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide - any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
antimycin - a crystalline antibiotic active against various fungi
antineoplastic antibiotic - an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
Azactam, aztreonam - an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
bacitracin - a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
carbomycin - a colorless basic antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive organisms
cephaloridine - a broad spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic produced by modifying cephalosporin
cephalosporin, Mefoxin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
chloramphenicol, Chloromycetin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
Aureomycin, chlortetracycline - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
Cipro, ciprofloxacin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
cycloserine - an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
dihydrostreptomycin - antibiotic consisting of a hydrogenated form of streptomycin; used against tuberculosis and tularemia and Gram-negative organisms
doxorubicin - an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug
doxycycline, Vibramycin - an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections; "Vibramycin is the trade name of doxycycline"
E-Mycin, Erythrocin, erythromycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin - an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
Garamycin, gentamicin - an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
gramicidin - an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
Lincocin, lincomycin - antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections
mitomycin, Mutamycin - a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
mycomycin - a highly unsaturated antibiotic acid obtained from an actinomycete
fradicin, Neobiotic, neomycin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
novobiocin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria
Mycostatin, Nystan, nystatin - an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
hydroxytetracycline, oxytetracycline, oxytetracycline hydrochloride, Terramycin - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
polymyxin - any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
Primaxin - trade name for a parenteral antibiotic
pyocyanase - a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus
pyocyanin - a toxic blue crystalline antibiotic found in green pus
spectinomycin - an antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea
streptomycin - an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
streptothricin - a basic antibiotic derived from a soil actinomycete
subtilin - a polypeptide antibiotic (similar to bacitracin) obtained from a soil bacterium
|Adj.||1.||antibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugs|
مُضاد لِلجَراثيممُضادّ حَيَويّ
thuốc kháng sinh
1. n → antibiotico
2. adj → antibiotico/a
a medicine which is used to kill the bacteria that cause disease. antibioties مُضاد لِلجَراثيم антибиотик antibiótico antibiotikum das Antibiotikum antibiotika αντιβιοτικόantibiótico antibiootikum آنتی بیوتیک antibiootti antibiotique אַנְטִיבִּיוֹטִיקָה प्रतिजीवाणु antibiotik antibiotikum pembunuh bakteri, antibiotik fúkalyf antibiotico 抗生物質 항생 물질 antibiotikas antibiotika antibiotik antibioticumantibiotikum anybiotyk انتی بیوتیک antibiótico antibiotic антибиотик antibiotikum antibiotik antibiotik antibiotika ยาปฏิชีวนะ antibiyotik, mikropkıran 抗生素 антибіотик جراثیم یا بیکٹیریا کو مارنے والی دوا thuốc kháng sinh 抗生素
antibiotic→ مُضادّ حَيَويّ antibiotikum antibiotika Antibiotikum αντιβιοτικό antibiótico antibiootti antibiotique antibiotik antibiotico 抗生物質 항생 물질 antibioticum antibiotikum antybiotyk antibiótico антибиотик antibiotikum ยาปฏิชีวนะ antibiyotik thuốc kháng sinh 抗生素
n., pl. antibióticos, drogas antibacterianas;
antineoplastic ___ → ___ antineoplástico;
bactericidal ___ → ___ bactericida;
broad spectrum ___ → ___ de amplio espectro;___ sensitivity text / prueba de sensibilidad antibiótica.