However, given that the male of these species have crenulate antennal flagella
they likely should run to A.
difficile, the flagella
may be important for colonization and adherence, but not sufficient to induce protective immunity (STEVENSON et al., 2015).
This bioinspired robot, which the researchers call an "artificial bacterial flagellum," consists of a tiny helix that resembles the flagella
that many bacteria use to propel themselves.
On the apex, it has a tuft of several irregular flagella
on a round basis.
participate in bacterial pathogenicity as important virulence factor.
Using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), we first investigated the morphology (typology and topology) of cuticular sensilla on both the medial and lateral flagella
of the antennules, with special attention paid to the aesthetasc sensilla.
The main structures of the bacteria which play an important role in the disease process include bacterial toxin, cell wall, flagella
, and pili [3, 4].
Besides, it has two adhesive disks on the ventral surface, a microtubular median body, two nuclei, and four pairs of flagella
: anterior, ventral, lateroposterior, and caudal .
Their topics include post-translational modifications of tubulin and cilia, the central apparatus of cilia and eukaryotic flagella
, transition zone migration: a mechanism for cytoplasmic ciliogenesis and postaxonemal centriole elongation, primary cilia and mammalian hedgehog signaling, G-protein-coupled receptor signaling in cilia, ciliary mechanisms of cyst formation in polycystic kidney disease, sperm sensory signaling, cilia and ciliopathies in congenital heart disease, photoreceptor cilia and retinal ciliopathies, and the evolution of cilia.
blattarum is usually round, oval, or pyriform, with size range from approximately 15 to 40 [micro]m, with a tuft of flagella
extending from the anterior end of the organism.
In this workflow, bacterial isolates are cultured overnight, resuspended in water, and then flagella
are captured and tryptically digested on a syringe filter.
hominis showing an undulating membrane, the flagella
, and a rapid forward motion (Figure 4).