References in periodicals archive ?
Studies have shown that between 6 and 40% of visitors to a monkey temple will be bitten, and thus it is not surprising that zoonotic transmission of a primate retrovirus (simian foamy virus) has been documented following exposure to macaques in Asia [20, 61-63].
The genomic organization of the FVs, including the prototype foamy virus (PFV), which is a molecular cloned simian foamy virus SFVcpz(hu), is similar to that of other complex retroviruses, with several additional open reading frames located in 3' of the canonical Gag, Pol, and Env genes, including the transcriptional transactivator gene (tas) [11-15].
Cameroon scientists have discovered that people who consume or eat monkeys will get Simian Foamy Virus, an HIV-like disease.
The well- structured regions displayed high similarity with other integrases that have been analyzed by X-Ray diffraction, which include the Avian Sarcoma Virus (ASV, pdb: 1VSD and pdb: 1VSH); Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1, pdb: 1BIZ) and Prototype of Human Foamy Virus (PFV, pdb: 3DLR) (Figure 2).
In chimpanzees and mangabeys imported for food--known as bush meat--there was evidence of two strains of simian foamy virus. The primates are both endangered and illegal to import.
For the new study, researchers grew a crystal using a version of integrase borrowed from a little-known retrovirus called Prototype Foamy Virus (PFV).
* A more frightening question was raised as to whether there has been any presence of foamy virus. Foamy virus (HFV in human form and its more widespread parent SFV from monkeys), although not infectious, is a deadly carcinogen.
Currently, no known foamy virus can spread between humans, but until the 20th century, the same was true of the simian equivalents of HIV, the likes of which we will hopefully never see again, thanks to GVFI.
There is a spectrum, with the highly pathogenic infections at the extreme end and relatively harmless diseases, such as the colourfully named simian foamy virus (SFV).
Lab results show that many of the animals had been exposed to four common monkey viruses: 97 percent of the monkeys showed evidence of exposure to simian foamy virus, 95 percent to rhesus cytomegalovirus, 90 percent to simian virus 40, and 64 percent to herpes B virus.
Bushmeat hunters probing deep into Africa's jungles are thought to have first carried HIV back to their communities, and many are now regularly exposed to a "simian foamy virus" (SFV) that could also affect humans.