(9) Like their direct-action brethren, these SOF derived much of their success from previous deployments to the Middle East conducting foreign internal defense
and other Gray Zone activities.
Also in 2007, FID doctrine received a significant boost with a notably revised edition of AFDD 2-3.1, Foreign Internal Defense
. (29) AFDD 2.3-1 replaced a 2004 version that the initial air advisors in Iraq found lacking.
This second proposition has merit, but Robinson fails to articulate why SOF preferred to fight by "SOF tribe" rather than as a comprehensive whole, and tries to convince the reader the only relevant SOF mission is Foreign Internal Defense
. By only telling 1/11th of the story (there are eleven SOF critical activities), she misrepresents the challenges and complications of establishing a true unified headquarters.
If the United States is to maintain access to the strategic resources it needs to sustain its place in the future global order, it must improve its ability to meet the asymmetric threats it may face in proxy conflicts in Africa, where foreign internal defense
operations will dominate.
(27) DOD defines foreign internal defense
as "Participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or other designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, insurgency, terrorism, and other threats to its security.
In 2006, the Commander of United States Special Operations Command assigned NAVSCIATTS the following new mission: NAVSCIATTS conducts Foreign Internal Defense
(FID) in support of Combatant Commanders in accordance with Commander, United States Special Operations Command, priorities using Mobile Training Teams (MTTs) and in-residence training to prepare partner nation forces to conduct small craft operations in riverine or littoral environments.
This unique team is the only one in the Department of Defense with an aerial foreign internal defense
mission, which relies heavily on operationally experienced Airmen, many of whom possess foreign language skills, the general said.
* FM 3-05.202, Special Forces Foreign Internal Defense
The United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM) was assigned the responsibility of "providing trained and combat-ready special operations forces to the combatant commander and when directed by the President or Secretary of Defense for exercising command of selected special operations missions." Special operations forces were assigned missions of unconventional warfare, direct action, strategic reconnaissance, foreign internal defense
, civilian affairs, psychological warfare, counterterrorism, humanitarian assistance, and theater search and rescue.
The Green Beret master sergeant told Army Times that Special Operations troops became involved in the antidrug missions as part of the Foreign Internal Defense
Program, in whcih they trained local forces--a rapidly growing area of concentration for Special Operations forces.
Additionally, lessons at the schoolhouse include education and training in security cooperation, security assistance, foreign military sales, irregular warfare, counterinsurgency, foreign internal defense
, and other content directly tied to joint and DOD programs.
For example, Navy Sea, Air, Land (SEAL) teams historically have not conducted foreign internal defense
missions, whereas Army special operators have done so for years.