Advancing Formative Assessment
in Every Classroom: A Guide for Instructional Leaders, 2nd Edition
Synopsis: Formative assessment
is one of the best ways to increase student learning and enhance teacher quality.
takes place frequently, can be quite informal, and is used to monitor and adjust instruction while that instruction is in progress.
Key Words: Formative assessment
, summative assessment, medical education, academic performance.
In fact, this is a summative assessment on a diagnosis testing basis and it is helpful only if early observations on the basis of formative assessment
have already been taken.
Keywords: Classroom assessment techniques, Teachers' perceptions, Formative assessment
measures in the classroom, along with interim and
It has even moved beyond using only the simple concepts of 'Formative' and 'Summative' assessments to 'Programmatic Assessment'.5,6 Formative assessment
is assessment for learning and summative assessment is assessment of learning.
These three findings from learning research are related and have direct implications for formative assessment
. First, however, we need to define the scope and purpose of formative assessment
Researches have shown that formative assessment
can improve students' learning more than most instructional practices (Hattie, 2012).
The book includes templates, a companion website supporting materials with downloadable tools, and a discussion that is based on using formative assessment
techniques to build and teach math.