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You use former in front of a noun to indicate that the person you are talking about is no longer the thing referred to by the noun. For example, the former chairman of a company used to be the chairman, but is not the chairman now.
You use late in front of a name or noun to indicate that the person you are talking about has recently died.
The latter should only be used to refer to the second of two things or people which have already been mentioned.
You use the former to talk about the first of two things already mentioned.
If you are talking about three or more things or people, don't use 'the latter' or 'the former'. Use an expression with the last or the first.
If you are mentioning things for the first time, don't use 'the former' or 'the latter'. Use the first or the second.
|Noun||1.||former - the first of two or the first mentioned of two; "Tom and Dick were both heroes but only the former is remembered today"|
latter - the second of two or the second mentioned of two; "Tom and Dick were both heroes but only the latter is remembered today"
|Adj.||1.||former - referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several); "the novel was made into a film in 1943 and again in 1967; I prefer the former version to the latter one"|
latter - referring to the second of two things or persons mentioned (or the last one or ones of several); "in the latter case"
|2.||former - belonging to some prior time; "erstwhile friend"; "our former glory"; "the once capital of the state"; "her quondam lover"|
|3.||former - (used especially of persons) of the immediate past; "the former president"; "our late President is still very active"; "the previous occupant of the White House"|
|4.||former - belonging to the distant past; "the early inhabitants of Europe"; "former generations"; "in other times"|
previous coming, following, future, current, succeeding, latter, subsequent, ensuing
past future, present, current, modern, present-day
a former pupil → un antiguo alumno
in former days → antiguamente
the former president → el ex-presidente OLD
a former pupil → un ancien élève
the former Prime Minister → l'ancien Premier ministre
the former president → l'ex-président
the former Yugoslavia → l'ex-Yougoslavie
the former Soviet Union → l'ex-Union soviétique
in former times → autrefois
in former years → par le passé
in former days → nei tempi passati, in altri tempi
the former president → l'ex presidente
the former Yugoslavia/Soviet Union → l'ex Jugoslavia/Unione Sovietica