(41) Brian Leiter, Legal Formulism
and Legal Realism: What Is the
The Kubelka-Munk formulism
from the diffuse reflectance measurements is calculated according to ([alpha]/S) = F(R) = [[(1 - R).sup.2]]/2R , where R is the percentage of reflected light and a and S are the absorption and the scattering coefficients.
In a theoretical sense, Turing's pioneering concept of the machine, for all its abstract mathematical formulism
, explicitly compares a person computing with a machine that "sees" and writes on a tape (Turing, 1936: 231).
Rubberoom's 1999 album Architechnology is an artistic departure from much of the aforementioned formulism
. One of the first releases off the album, "Smoke" (1999, track 2) provides a contrast between underground or independent Hip Hop and commercial Hip Hop.
But Weiss's analysis is too absolute, as is any approach "that requires too much conceptual formulism
or notions of constructive intent." (97) Note that Peoni is loaded with the hedging words of a circumstances-based standard--"in some sort associate himself," and "an implication of purposive attitude." This ambiguity allows courts to blur the lines between knowing assistance and purposeful intent.
One can expect that [g.sup.QGP.sub.ab] has the following integral formulism
with respect to time because of continuous creation or annihilation of charges:
The geometry relaxations and electronic structure calculations for both Li@[C.sub.28] and [C.sub.28] molecules are performed based on DFT formulism
using SIESTA  package with LDA functional in Ceperley and Alder form .
To depict the nonlinear optical interaction of the pump, signal, and idler in the waveguide, we use the formulism
described in [16-18] and take into account the effects of TPA, FCA, and FCD.
The complex modulus, M*, formulism
is a very important and convenient tool to analyze and interpret the dielectric relaxation of polymeric material (4), (5).
In order to solve the grey fuzzy decision making, Luo and Liu (2004) developed the maximum entropy formulism
to determine attribute weight and ranked the order of alternatives based on the linear combination of fuzzy information and grey information.
In the framework of the considered formulism
of "virtual boundary" Eqs.
In the Hamiltonian formulism
one takes the volume V and the partition function Z(K) derived from the system's Hamiltonian at inverse temperature K [51, 52].