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Ginkgo biloba


also ging·ko  (gĭng′kō)
n. pl. gink·goes also ging·koes
A deciduous, dioecious tree (Ginkgo biloba) native to China and having fan-shaped leaves used in herbal medicine. The female plants bear foul-smelling fleshy fruitlike structures containing edible seeds used in East Asian cuisine, while the male plants are often grown as ornamental street trees. Also called maidenhair tree.

[Probably from ginkyō (with graphic confusion of a romanized form of this word leading to the spelling with -kg- in European languages) : Japanese gin, silver (from Middle Chinese ŋin, ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋul; akin to Tibetan dngul and Burmese ngwe) + Japanese kyō, apricot, any of several members of the genus Prunus (from Middle Chinese xɦa⋮jŋ`, also the source of Mandarin xìng).]
Word History: The odd spelling of the word ginkgo, which hardly indicates the usual pronunciation (gĭng′kō) very well, results from a botanist's error. In Japanese, the name of the ginkgo tree is written with kanji that can be read as ginkyō. The kanji that is pronounced gin literally means "silver," while the kanji pronounced kyō refers to several fruit-bearing trees of the genus Prunus, including the apricot. The kanji thus make reference to the green fruitlike structures that are borne by the female trees and contain a hard white inner seed covering similar to an apricot pit or pistachio shell. In Modern Japanese, however, these kanji are not read ginkyō but rather ginnan when they refer to the edible seeds and ichō when they refer to the tree itself. This complicated situation helps explain how the name of the tree came to be spelled ginkgo in European languages. The first Western scientist to learn of the existence of the ginkgo tree was Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716), a German physician and naturalist who visited Japan in 1691 and brought some seeds of the ginkgo back to Europe. During his stay in Japan, he also took notes on a Japanese work on botany and added comments on how to pronounce the names of the plants written in kanji. While taking these notes, Kaempfer apparently made a mistake and jotted down that the kanji literally meaning "silver apricot" were to be pronounced ginkgo. Later, he used these notes to prepare a book on the plants of Japan, and his mistake found its way into print. The great Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus perpetuated the error when assigning the scientific name Ginkgo biloba ("the two-lobed ginkgo") to the tree, and the spelling has been fixed ever since.


(ˈɡɪŋkɡəʊ) or


n, pl -goes or -koes
(Plants) a widely planted ornamental Chinese gymnosperm tree, Ginkgo biloba, with fan-shaped deciduous leaves and fleshy yellow fruit: phylum Ginkgophyta. It is used in herbal remedies and as a food supplement. Also called: maidenhair tree
[C18: from Japanese ginkyō, from Ancient Chinese yin silver + hang apricot]


or ging•ko

(ˈgɪŋ koʊ, ˈdʒɪŋ-)

n., pl. -goes or -koes.
a cultivated shade tree, Ginkgo biloba, native to China, having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy seeds with edible kernels: the sole surviving member of the gymnosperm class Ginkgoatae.
[1765–75; < New Latin representation of Japanese ginkyō=gin silver (< Chinese) + kyō apricot (< Chinese)]


A deciduous tree originally native to China, having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds. Ginkgoes are gymnosperms and do not have flowers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ginkgo - deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seedsginkgo - deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
gymnospermous tree - any tree of the division Gymnospermophyta
References in periodicals archive ?
As I knelt there marveling at this throwback to another age, it occurred to me that, despite the almost incomprehensible dissimilarity between the landscape today and way back then, only time separates the fossil tree from its living counterpart.
The best-known polystrate fossil was a fossil tree stem at least 37 feet long that was found in Craigleith Quarry near Edinburgh in 1830.
As part of the Destination Development Plan for Stanhope, proposals are now on display for the gateway features to enhance the approaches to the town, works to strengthen the base surrounding the Fossil Tree and a new footpath linking the railway station to the town centre.
Sometimes known as the maidenhair tree, as its fan-shaped foliage looks similar to the maidenhair fern, it is also referred to as the fossil tree as ancient leaves have been found dating back 270 million years, placing it in the age of the dinosaurs.
SMALL WONDERS: The Maidenhair tree or Ginkgo, which is also referred to as a fossil tree as it was around when dinosaurs roamed, is superb for a small garden and can be grown in a container on the patio.
They're striated in the direction of the groove and are 320m-year-old fossil tree roots, from coal forests, called stigmaria.
The fossil tree has a sharply tapering trunk surrounded in its lower part by a large number of downward-recurved senescent petioles, which form a skirt.
There's also the oddities such as a wedding cake tree which naturally grows in tiers and a lovely fossil tree which was thought to be extinct until a clump of them were found growing in a monastery in China in 1953.
Slapestones near Osmotherly is home to the Chequers Inn, the pub sign boldly boasts "Be not in haste, step in and taste, Ale tomorrow for nothing" It is rumoured a young man stayed in the pub all day and all night to take advantage of the offer, but the following day the publican informed him "his tomorrow was still yet to come" Carlton Quarry is home to a fossil tree that must have fallen from Carlton Bank and then embedded itself overtime in the sandstone, originally nine feet long it broke into fragments The original Town End Bridge Stokesley was demolished in 1956, it has been said of it's replacement "once we had both a useful and beautiful bridge now a useful one "