ruff(redirected from four-stroke ruffs)
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1. A stiffly starched frilled or pleated circular collar of lace, muslin, or other fine fabric, worn by men and women in the 1500s and 1600s.
2. A distinctive collarlike projection around the neck, as of feathers on a bird or of fur on a mammal.
3. A migratory sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) of the Eastern Hemisphere, the male of which has collarlike, erectile feathers around the neck during the breeding season.
[Perhaps short for ruffle.]
ruff 2(rŭf) Games
1. The playing of a trump card when one cannot follow suit.
2. An old game resembling whist.
tr. & intr.v. ruffed, ruff·ing, ruffs
To trump or play a trump.
[Obsolete French ronfle, roffle, a kind of card game, from Old French ronfle, from renfler, to rise : re-, re- + enfler, to cause to swell (from Latin īnflāre; see inflate).]
1. also ruffe Any of several marine fishes of the family Centrolophidae, usually having spiny dorsal fins.
2. A small edible fish (Arripis georgianus) of coastal and estuarine waters of southern Australia. Also called roughy.
3. Variant of ruffe..
[Middle English rowe, roffe, ruffe, any of various fishes, especially Gymnocephalus cernuus, perhaps from variant of rough, rough; see rough, or from Medieval Latin rufus, a kind of fish (perhaps from Latin rūfus, red, tawny; see rufous).]
[Of imitative origin.]
1. (Clothing & Fashion) a circular pleated, gathered, or fluted collar of lawn, muslin, etc, often starched or wired, worn by both men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries
2. (Zoology) zoology a natural growth of long or coloured hair or feathers around the necks of certain animals or birds
a. an Old World shore bird, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers in the breeding season: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes
b. the male of this bird. Compare reeve3
[C16: back formation from ruffle1]
1. (Card Games) another word for trump1
2. (Card Games) an old card game similar to whist
another word for trump14
[C16: from Old French roffle; perhaps changed from Italian trionfa trump1]
(Animals) another name for roughie
1. a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
2. a collar, or set of lengthened or specially marked hairs or feathers, on the neck of an animal.
3. a Eurasian sandpiper, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers during the breeding season. Compare reeve 3.
[1515–25; perhaps back formation from ruffle1]
1. an act or instance of trumping in cards when one cannot follow suit.
2. an old game of cards resembling whist.v.t., v.i.
3. to trump when unable to follow suit.
[1580–90; probably < French ro(u)ffle, akin to Italian ronfa a card game, probably < German Trumpf trump1]
a small European freshwater fish, Acerina cernua, of the perch family.
[1400–50; Middle English ruf, roffe; perhaps identical with rough]
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|Noun||1.||ruff - an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal|
external body part - any body part visible externally
|2.||ruff - a high tight collar |
fraise - a ruff for the neck worn in the 16th century
|3.||ruff - common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season|
sandpiper - any of numerous usually small wading birds having a slender bill and piping call; closely related to the plovers
reeve - female ruff
|4.||ruff - (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit|
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
|Verb||1.||ruff - play a trump |
overtrump - play a trump higher than (one previously played) to the trick
crossruff - trump alternately in two hands