fractional crystallization


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

fractional crystallization

n
(Chemistry) chem the process of separating the components of a solution on the basis of their different solubilities, by means of evaporating the solution until the least soluble component crystallizes out
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The close spatial association with parent granitic rocks and absence of zoning also reflect the low degree of fractional crystallization and barren nature of the MGC pegmatites.
These variation trends in the major elements cannot be explained by simple fractional crystallization process but could be attributable to different degrees of partial melting and a possibly to different mantle sources [2].
The fractional crystallization of water to ice and the subsequent separation of the ice crystals from the concentrated liquid forms the basic process of Sulzer Chemtech's freeze concentration technology (See Figure 1).
The multicomponent electrolytic system of LiCl[O.sub.4]-NaCl-[H.sub.2]O is separated into lithium perchlorate trihydrate and sodium chloride by means of fractional crystallization. The process pathway includes the following elementary steps:
These rocks are interpreted to have undergone extensive fractional crystallization from an alkali basaltic magma, although their different geochemical signatures indicate that the rhyolite was not derived from the trachyte via continuous fractional crystallization.
Samarium-Nd and Rb-Sr isotopic studies can be used to distinguish between felsic magmas derived from fractional crystallization of a more mafic parent (which would have similar values) and those derived from the melting of ancient crust.
Fractional crystallization measurements were made by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).
The different isomer ratios of [H.sub.12]MDI were prepared by fractional crystallization. The different isomer ratios of IPDI were prepared by fractional distillation.
With greater magma supply, more magma is intruded into the crust, its cooling rate decreases, and it is subject to the process of fractional crystallization prior to solidification.
Variable extents of fractional crystallization and mantle melting, with low rates of assimilation, fractional crystallization and subduction-related input controlled the geochemical signatures of four sample groups within this intrusive suite - all derived from a hydrous ( 1 wt.% H20) related magma source.
This precludes fractional crystallization even at high pressures as a process relating the two types of basalts (Dostal et al., 1982).
On the basis of field relations, petrography, petrochemistry, and trace element modeling, the MBG and MPG are interpreted to be linked through extreme fractional crystallization and supracrustal contamination; fluid fractionation may have played a role in formation of the late MPG.

Full browser ?