fractional distillation


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Related to fractional distillation: chromatography

fractional distillation

n.
Distillation to separate volatile chemical substances in which the products are collected in a series of separate fractions, each with a higher boiling point than the previous fraction.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fractional distillation

n
1. (Chemistry) the process of separating the constituents of a liquid mixture by heating it and condensing separately the components according to their different boiling points
2. (Chemistry) a distillation in which the vapour is brought into contact with a countercurrent of condensed liquid to increase the purity of the final products
Sometimes shortened to: distillation
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fractional distillation - fractionation of a liquid by distillation
fractional process, fractionation - a process that uses heat to separate a substance into its components
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
They offer a range of waste management services ranging from recycling glycol products by fractional distillation, used oil and petroleum by-products recycling/energy recovery, emergency spill response and clean-ups, and the transportation and disposal of both non-hazardous and hazardous waste for industrial, marine, automotive and government clients.
The estragole is derived from the fractional distillation of basil oil.
* State-of-the-art fractional distillation equipment
It also processes contaminated water, sludge, and solids, and collects glycol and recycles by fractional distillation. "NRC Alaska is the first and only operator of fractional distillation equipment and technology that consistently produces high-quality recycled glycols.
Many companies need water in the purest form and use fractional distillation. Overall product usage in distillation towers is anticipated to provide great opportunities for overall industry growth, the report said.
Boilers are anticipated to grow at significant rate over the forecast period on account of its wide industrial applications, especially in fractional distillation. Around one-fourth of the industry in 2024 is expected to be captured by in nuclear reactors on account of increasing atomic energy implementations.
Gesner developed a fractional distillation method to produce the new synthetic lamp oil from coal, natural tar and, eventually, oil.
As an illustration, consider the next excerpt when Kathryn was explaining why fractional distillation is a preferred technique over simple distillation:

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