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1. A structure for supporting or enclosing something else, especially a skeletal support used as the basis for something being constructed.
2. An external work platform; a scaffold.
3. A fundamental structure, as for a written work.
4. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. a structural plan or basis of a project
2. a structure or frame supporting or containing something
3. frames collectively
4. (Knitting & Sewing) work such as embroidery or weaving done in or on a frame
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. a skeletal structure designed to support or enclose something.
2. a frame or structure composed of parts fitted together.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.framework - a hypothetical description of a complex entity or processframework - a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process; "the computer program was based on a model of the circulatory and respiratory systems"
computer simulation, simulation - (computer science) the technique of representing the real world by a computer program; "a simulation should imitate the internal processes and not merely the results of the thing being simulated"
hypothesis, theory, possibility - a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena; "a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory"; "he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices"
mean sun - a theoretical sun that moves along the celestial equator at a constant speed and completes its annual course in the same amount of time the real sun takes at variable speeds
Copernican system - (astronomy) Copernicus' astronomical model in which the Earth rotates around the sun
Ptolemaic system - (astronomy) Ptolemy's model of the universe with the Earth at the center
M-theory - (particle physics) a theory that involves an eleven-dimensional universe in which the weak and strong forces and gravity are unified and to which all the string theories belong
string theory - (particle physics) a theory that postulates that subatomic particles are one-dimensional strings
stochastic process - a statistical process involving a number of random variables depending on a variable parameter (which is usually time)
2.framework - the underlying structure; "providing a factual framework for future research"; "it is part of the fabric of society"
structure - the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts; "artists must study the structure of the human body"; "the structure of the benzene molecule"
3.framework - a structure supporting or containing something
airframe - the framework and covering of an airplane or rocket (excluding the engines)
arbour, bower, pergola, arbor - a framework that supports climbing plants; "the arbor provided a shady resting place in the park"
backing, mount - something forming a back that is added for strengthening
bracing, brace - a structural member used to stiffen a framework
bustle - a framework worn at the back below the waist for giving fullness to a woman's skirt
casing, case - the enclosing frame around a door or window opening; "the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced"
climbing frame - a framework of bars or logs for children to climb on
clotheshorse - a framework on which to hang clothes (as for drying)
coaming - a raised framework around a hatchway on a ship to keep water out
cornice, pelmet, valance, valance board - a decorative framework to conceal curtain fixtures at the top of a window casing
deckle - (paper making) a frame used to form paper pulp into sheets
derrick - a framework erected over an oil well to allow drill tubes to be raised and lowered
doorcase, doorframe - the frame that supports a door
cowcatcher, fender, buffer, pilot - an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track
framing, frame - a framework that supports and protects a picture or a mirror; "the frame enhances but is not itself the subject of attention"; "the frame was much more valuable than the miror it held"
frame - the framework for a pair of eyeglasses
gantry, gauntry - a framework of steel bars raised on side supports to bridge over or around something; can display railway signals above several tracks or can support a traveling crane etc.
grate, grating - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
grill, grillwork, grille - a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate; "he cooked hamburgers on the grill"
gun carriage - a framework on which a gun is mounted for firing
handbarrow - a rectangular frame with handles at both ends; carried by two people
hayrig, hayrack - a frame attached to a wagon to increase the amount of hay it can carry
honeycomb - a framework of hexagonal cells resembling the honeycomb built by bees
fretwork, latticework, lattice - framework consisting of an ornamental design made of strips of wood or metal
mounting - framework used for support or display
oxbow - a wooden framework bent in the shape of a U; its upper ends are attached to the horizontal yoke and the loop goes around the neck of an ox
picture frame - a framework in which a picture is mounted
rack - framework for holding objects
ribbing - a framework of ribs
sash, window sash - a framework that holds the panes of a window in the window frame
sawbuck, sawhorse, buck, horse - a framework for holding wood that is being sawed
stocks - a frame for constraining an animal while it is receiving veterinary attention or while being shod
stocks - a frame that supports a boat while it is under construction
stretcher - a wooden framework on which canvas is stretched and fixed for oil painting
supporting structure - a structure that serves to support something
embroidery frame, embroidery hoop, tambour - a frame made of two hoops; used for embroidering
tenter - a framework with hooks used for stretching and drying cloth
truss - a framework of beams (rafters, posts, struts) forming a rigid structure that supports a roof or bridge or other structure
undercarriage - framework that serves as a support for the body of a vehicle
baby-walker, go-cart, walker - an enclosing framework on casters or wheels; helps babies learn to walk
Zimmer, Zimmer frame, walker - a light enclosing framework (trade name Zimmer) with rubber castors or wheels and handles; helps invalids or the handicapped or the aged to walk
wattle - framework consisting of stakes interwoven with branches to form a fence
window - a framework of wood or metal that contains a glass windowpane and is built into a wall or roof to admit light or air
window frame - the framework that supports a window
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. system, plan, order, scheme, arrangement, fabric, schema, frame of reference, the bare bones within the framework of federal regulations
2. structure, body, frame, foundation, shell, fabric, skeleton wooden shelves on a steel framework
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
إطار عَمَل
konstrukcekostrasoustavasystémaplikační rámec


A. N
1. (lit) → armazón m or f, estructura f
2. (fig) [of essay, society] → marco m
within the framework of the constitutiondentro del marco de la constitución
B. CPD framework agreement N (Ind, Pol) → acuerdo m marco
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈfreɪmwɜːrk] n
(metal, wooden)structure f
(ideological)cadre m
a theoretical framework → une base théorique
a regulatory framework → un ensemble de règlesframework agreement naccord-cadre m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


[ˈfreɪmˌwɜːk] n (also) (fig) → struttura
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(freim) noun
1. a hard main structure round which something is built or made. the steel frame of the aircraft.
2. something made to enclose something. a picture-frame; a window-frame.
3. the human body. He has a slight frame.
1. to put a frame around. to frame a picture.
2. to act as a frame for. Her hair framed her face.
3. to arrange false evidence so as to make (someone) seem guilty of a crime etc (noun ˈframe-up).
ˈframework noun
the basic supporting structure of anything. The building will be made of concrete on a steel framework.
frame of mind
mental state. He is in a strange frame of mind.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
To glance at the salient features of this landscape through the picturesque framework of a ragged and ruined stone window--arch of the time of Christ, thus hiding from sight all that is unattractive, is to secure to yourself a pleasure worth climbing the mountain to enjoy.
Billy came back in the evening with a small roll of old canvas he had borrowed, which he proceeded to arrange over their bed on a framework so as to shed rain.
From the village school of Chesney Wold, intact as it is this minute, to the whole framework of society; from the whole framework of society, to the aforesaid framework receiving tremendous cracks in consequence of people (iron-masters, lead-mistresses, and what not) not minding their catechism, and getting out of the station unto which they are called--necessarily and for ever, according to Sir Leicester's rapid logic, the first station in which they happen to find themselves; and from that, to their educating other people out of THEIR stations, and so obliterating the landmarks, and opening the floodgates, and all the rest of it; this is the swift progress of the Dedlock mind.
To this end Clayton selected four trees which formed a rectangle about eight feet square, and cutting long branches from other trees he constructed a framework around them, about ten feet from the ground, fastening the ends of the branches securely to the trees by means of rope, a quantity of which Black Michael had furnished him from the hold of the Fuwalda.
It is likely enough that, rooted in the woods of France and Norway, there were growing trees, when that sufferer was put to death, already marked by the Woodman, Fate, to come down and be sawn into boards, to make a certain movable framework with a sack and a knife in it, terrible in history.
He may not indeed destroy the framework of the received legends--the fact, for instance, that Clytemnestra was slain by Orestes and Eriphyle by Alcmaeon but he ought to show invention of his own, and skilfully handle the traditional material.
By my directions the bed had been made, in the morning, on a strong movable framework of wood.
Then through an open doorway beyond, in the dim light of the shadow, I saw something bound painfully upon a framework, scarred, red, and bandaged; and then blotting this out appeared the face of old Moreau, white and terrible.
He fell down with his head on the wooden framework of the bed, feeling that his heart was bursting.
The framework is made of an iron plate beaten out thin, over which is stretched milk-white ox-hide.
Haidee's only reply was to direct her servant by a sign to withdraw the tapestried curtain that hung before the door of her boudoir, the framework of the opening thus made serving as a sort of border to the graceful tableau presented by the young girl's picturesque attitude and appearance.
It did her no harm, Cecil thought, to learn the framework of society, while society itself was absent on the golf-links or the moors.

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