Specifically, combining forms are transitional between derivation and compounding, depending on whether we consider -(a)holic to be a bound or a free morpheme
A free morpheme
is commonly referred to as a base word and is the smallest unit of meaning that can stand alone, such as shout and march.
The teacher thinks aloud, making comments such as, 'The word catchment is made up of a free morpheme
(catch) and a bound morpheme (ment)'.
We used two function words: 'to'ela-[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]', which is a free morpheme
, and 'the'--[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], which is a bound morpheme, added as a prefix).
He argues that morphemes are position-bound and, consequently, the representation of a morpheme used in the first position is not the same as the representation of a morpheme used in the second position, nor as the free morpheme
. For example, boardroom contains a different morpheme (i.e., board-) than does keyboard (i.e., -board) and the word board.
The Free Morpheme
Constraint claims that code switching is present between a bound and a lexical form unless the latter has been phonologically integrated into the language of the bound morpheme (Sankoff and Poplack 1981: 5).
Paradis and Genesee (1996) examined one of the grammatical constraints proposed by Poplack (1980) for adult code-switching, namely the Free Morpheme
(4) For -faest as a suffix (as opposed to a free morpheme
), see Charles T.
This morpheme is autonomous as far as stress assignment is concerned, suggesting it cannot be considered an affix or a clitic but rather a free morpheme
: msiry-e-m sa "all my money", ammat sa "all the people".
Together with the equivalence constraint, Poplack (1980: 585) states that there is a second constraint pertaining to switching, the "free morpheme
constraint" which predicts that bound morphemes cannot be transferred unless either the bound morpheme or the free morpheme
to which it is affixed is phonologically integrated according to the phonological features of the other language.
They are grouped into free morphemes
(root words) that can stand on their own; the bound morphemes that cannot stand on their own, and the zero morphemes--those unseen reflections in a word where no inflectional essence is seen, like in the changing of some verbs into nouns in English language.
Productive morphophonemics resulting in complex allomorphy of bound and free morphemes