2,9 Minimal interventions is only needed in dorsal vein or frenular
artery bleeding during the circumcision.
Post-operative bleeding occurs from injury either to the frenular
artery or dermal cut edges.
The frenular network is continuous with the velarial network, suggesting that these two muscle sheets contract together (Satterlie et al.
Extreme care was taken to include only a single plane of the frenular muscle sheet for inclusion in neuron counts.
The mean diameters of a random sampling of neurites were measured in subumbrellar, velarial, and frenular muscle sheets of four specimens of each species.
16 jam) followed by the slightly larger frenular neurites (3.
Competent medical authorities able to deal with a hemorrhage from a severed frenular
artery are unlikely to be close at hand.
Haemostasis was secured with 4/0 plain catgut, applying 4 in 1 frenal stitch for frenular
vessels and three more stitches one on each side and one on the dorsum.
The frenular folds do not interrupt the circular muscle sheet; rather, the muscle fibers turn 90 degrees and run onto each face of the frenulum, extending radially instead of circularly (Fig.
At the narrow frenular terminus, near the level of the rhopalial niche, muscle fibers do one of two things.
High-magnification examination of actin-IH preparations verifies that the velarial muscle sheets are continuous with the frenular musculature, making the 90 degree turns at both the velarial and subumbrella attachments.
In both methods haemostasis was secured with absorbable 4/0 plain catgut suture with special attention to safeguard the frenular